Conditions

Find reliable information on health conditions and how they are treated, including our latest evidence-based information and resources for Australian health professionals and consumers.

NPS Medicinewise knowledge hubs provide in-depth, helpful information for conditions including type 2 diabetes, depression and headaches.

Allergic problems Allergies  

Allergic problems include hay fever (allergic rhinitis), allergic reactions and serious allergies that could result in anaphylaxis. 1 in 3 Australians will develop allergies at some time during their life.

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Cancer Cancer  

Cancer can affect any part of the body. Medicines, including chemotherapy and other anticancer treatments are commonly used. Some cancers such as breast cancer and colon cancer, and cervical cancer can be detected early by screening tests.

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Digestive system problems Gastrointestinal disorders  

The digestive system includes the oesophagus, stomach and intestines as well as the bowel. Common conditions include indigestion and stomach ulcers, bowel problems like constipation and diarrhoea as well as stomach infections.

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Eye disorders Ocular disorders  

Eye problems range from temporary conditions such as eye irritation, congestion and inflammation, to physical changes such as cataracts and macular degeneration.

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Heart, blood and blood vessel conditions Cardiovascular system  

The cardiovascular system includes the heart and the blood vessels that carry blood around the body. Conditions include high blood pressure, heart disease, heart rhythm problems such as atrial fibrillation, and blood clots and related conditions like stroke.

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Hormones, metabolism and nutritional problems Endocrine and nutritional disorders  

Hormones are chemicals produced in the body that regulate many bodily functions.  Hormone-related conditions include type 1 and type 2 diabetes, thyroid problems, and bone disorders such as osteoporosis. The metabolic system keeps other blood chemicals in balance. Metabolic problems include cholesterol and lipid problems, and dehydration and electrolyte imbalances. Nutritional problems include vitamin deficiency, overweight and obesity.

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Immune conditions Immune conditions  

The immune system is the body’s defence system including the cells that fight disease such as viruses and bacterial infections. Autoimmune conditions are when the body fights itself, affecting particular organs or functions, for example multiple sclerosis, scleroderma.

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Infections (bacterial, viral, fungal and parasitic) and worms Microbial and parasitic diseases  

Infections can be caused by bacteria, viruses, fungi or parasites. Common fungal infections include thrush, while parasitic infections often affect the digestive system, while viruses cause many conditions including chickenpox and measles. See our knowledge hub on respiratory tract infections including influenza, colds and whooping cough.

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Mental health conditions Psychiatric conditions  

Mental health conditions are common –1 in 5 Australians report a mental health condition in the past 12 months. See our knowledge hub on depression, and find out more about sleep problems, psychotic problems and other mental health conditions.

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Nervous system problems Neurological disorders  

The nervous system includes the brain and the nerves that control movement. Problems in this category include epilepsy and convulsions, motor control disorders and other nervous system symptoms and conditions. See our knowledge hubs on managing pain, including lower back pain and headaches.

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Reproductive system conditions Reproductive system conditions  

Reproductive system conditions include women’s health issues such as pregnancy, childbirth and labour, and problems affecting reproductive systems.

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Respiratory problems Respiratory disorders  

The respiratory system includes the parts of the body involved in breathing. Problems include chronic airways and breathing problems such as asthma and COPDRespiratory infections are experienced by many: see our knowledge hubs on bronchitis, croup, pneumonia and whooping cough.

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Substance dependence, poisoning and toxicity Substance dependence, poisoning and toxicity  

Substance dependence includes  addictions such as  smoking, alcohol and drug dependence which can be treated with medicines as well as other therapies. Poisoning and drug overdose can be deliberate, accidental or environmental.

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Venomous bites and stings Venomous bites and stings  

Many venomous bites and stings can be treated with an antidote or have their effects reduced. These include jellyfish stings, snake bites, spider bites, and tick bites.

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