Sore throat (throat infection, pharyngitis)

Pharyngitis

Sinus infection Infection of the pharynx Infection of the large airways Middle ear infection Infection of the tonsils Infection of the voice box Infection of the small airways Lung infection

Click on the name of the infection in the image above to find out more about the symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of these respiratory tract infections.

What is a sore throat?

A sore throat (throat infection) is often a symptom of another respiratory tract infection, such as a cold or the flu.

Sore throats are very common, especially in children and teenagers, and most adults will have at least 2 or 3 every year. The medical name for a sore throat is pharyngitis, and they can be caused by viruses or bacteria.

Most sore throats are not serious. The symptoms will usually improve within 7 days and can be treated at home. Some people are more at risk of developing complications from a sore throat and may need to see their doctor.

Find out more about the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment of sore throats.

References

Related information - sore throat

Audience:
       

For health professionals
13 Oct 2016 Find out which tests, treatments or procedures healthcare providers and consumers should question, as recommended by Australian medical colleges.
(Media release)
01 Aug 2016 An analysis of the evidence in the latest issue of Australian Prescriber suggests antibiotics have very few benefits for treating sore throat and acute sinusitis. Both conditions are common reasons for visits to the doctor.
(Medicine)
20 Jul 2016 Dimetapp Daytime/ Nightime Liquid Capsule is a brand of medicine containing the active ingredient dextromethorphan hydrobromide - paracetamol / dextromethorphan hydrobromide - doxylamine succinate - paracetamol. Find out about side effects, who can take it and who shouldn’t use Dimetapp Daytime/ Nightime Liquid Capsule by reading the latest Australian consumer medicine information, plus tips on how to use medicines wisely and safely.
14 Mar 2016 Antibiotics aren’t likely to help coughs, colds or sore throats. Download a factsheet about treating respiratory infections here.
01 Mar 2016
Recommendations from the Australasian Society for Infectious Diseases on antibiotics, faecal pathogen tests, fatigue, bacteruria, leg ulcers & respiratory infections.
(Medicine)
08 Dec 2015 Difflam Sugar-Free, Raspberry Lozenges is a brand of medicine containing the active ingredient benzydamine hydrochloride - cetylpyridinium chloride. Find out about side effects, who can take it and who shouldn’t use Difflam Sugar-Free, Raspberry Lozenges by reading the latest Australian consumer medicine information, plus tips on how to use medicines wisely and safely.
(Medicine)
08 Dec 2015 Difflam Sugar-Free, Orange Lozenges is a brand of medicine containing the active ingredient benzydamine hydrochloride - cetylpyridinium chloride. Find out about side effects, who can take it and who shouldn’t use Difflam Sugar-Free, Orange Lozenges by reading the latest Australian consumer medicine information, plus tips on how to use medicines wisely and safely.
(Medicine)
08 Dec 2015 Difflam Sugar-Free, Doublemint Lozenges is a brand of medicine containing the active ingredient benzydamine hydrochloride - cetylpyridinium chloride. Find out about side effects, who can take it and who shouldn’t use Difflam Sugar-Free, Doublemint Lozenges by reading the latest Australian consumer medicine information, plus tips on how to use medicines wisely and safely.
(Medicine)
08 Dec 2015 Find out about Logicin Rapid Relief Menthol and Eucalyptus Lozenges. Plus information and tips on how to use medicines wisely and safely.
(Medicine)
08 Dec 2015 Difflam Anti-inflammatory Throat Spray is a brand of medicine containing the active ingredient benzydamine hydrochloride (mouth & throat medicines (topical)). Find out about side effects, who can take it and who shouldn’t use Difflam Anti-inflammatory Throat Spray by reading the latest Australian consumer medicine information, plus tips on how to use medicines wisely and safely.