Making lifestyle changes, and talking medicines if prescribed, will help to reduce your overall risk of stroke and other serious vascular events (e.g. heart attack).
Watch our video, in which Dr John Worthington explains the lifestyle changes you can make to reduce your risk of stroke, as well as taking warfarin. You may be able to reduce your risk of stroke by as much as 80% with these approaches.
Medicines to reduce the risk of stroke
- high blood pressure
- high cholesterol
- high blood glucose levels (if you have type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes).
Find out more about the medicines used to prevent and treat stroke.
What else you can do
Your doctor or other health professional will advise you on how to manage your lifestyle risk factors for stroke. This may include:
- healthy eating
- increased physical activity
- quitting smoking
- reducing your blood pressure and cholesterol
- having regular cholesterol and blood pressure checks.
If you have diabetes, managing your high blood pressure and high cholesterol is just as important as managing your blood glucose levels to reduce your risk of having a stroke as well as other diabetes-related complications. Find out more about health checks for people with diabetes.
If you smoke, quitting can substantially reduce your risk of stroke. You can get assistance and information on quitting from a health professional, by calling the Quitline on 13 78 48 or through the Australian government’s Quit program.
Ask your doctor for advice about the best treatment options and management plans for you.
Do you know what your risk of heart attack or stroke is?
Even if you have never had a stroke, transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or heart attack, it is still important to find out from your doctor whether you are at risk of one of these events, and what you can do to reduce your risk.
Find out more about who is at risk of stroke.
- Therapeutic guidelines: Stroke and transient ischaemic attack: primary prevention. Therapeutic Guidelines Ltd; 2013. www.tg.org.au (accessed 14 June 2013).
- National Stroke Foundation. Preventing second stroke. strokefoundation.com.au/prevent-stroke/preventing-second-stroke (accessed 14 June 2013).