Types and forms of insulin available in Australia for type 1 diabetes

Type of insulin Brand names Source of insulin What forms does it come in? When should I inject it?
Insulin
(very short-acting)
NovoRapid
(insulin aspart)
Manufactured NovoRapid vial
NovoRapid penfill
NovoRapid FlexPen
15 minutes before a meal
Humalog
(insulin lispro)
Manufactured Humalog vial
Humalog cartridge
Humalog disposable pen
15 minutes before a meal
Apidra
(insulin glulisine)
Manufactured Apidra vial
Apidra cartridge
Apidra SoloStar
15 minutes before a meal
Insulin
(short-acting)
Actrapid Human Actrapid vial
Actrapid penfill
Within 30 minutes before a meal
Humulin R Human Humulin R vial
Humulin R cartridge
Within 30 minutes before a meal
Hypurin Neutral Bovine Hypurin Neutral injection Within 30 minutes before a meal
Insulin
(intermediate-acting)
Humulin NPH Human Humulin NPH vial
Humulin NPH cartridge
Once or twice per day depending on glucose levels
Protaphane Human Protaphane vial
Protaphane penfill
Protaphane InnoLet
Once or twice per day depending on glucose levels
Hypurin Isophane Bovine Hypurin Isophane vial Once or twice per day depending on glucose levels
Insulin
(long-acting)
Lantus
(insulin glargine)
Manufactured Lantus vial
Lantus cartridge
Lantus SoloStar
Insulin glargine is injected once daily
Levemir
(insulin detemir)
Manufactured Levemir penfill
Levemir FlexPen
Once or twice per day depending on glucose levels
Pre-mixed insulins Humalog Mix 25 Manufactured Humalog Mix 25 cartridge
Humalog Mix 25 disposable pen
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
Humalog Mix 50 Manufactured Humalog Mix 50 cartridge
Humalog Mix 50 disposable pen
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
NovoMix 30 Manufactured NovoMix 30 penfill
NovoMix 30 FlexPen
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
Mixtard 30/70 Human Mixtard 30/70 penfill
Mixtard 30/70 InnoLet
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
Humulin 30/70 Human Humulin 30/70 vial
Humulin 30/70 cartridge
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
Mixtard 50/50 Human Mixtard 50/50 penfill Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
References
  • Craig ME, Twigg SM, Donaghue KC, et al for the Australian Type 1 Diabetes Guidelines Expert Advisory Group. National evidence-based clinical care guidelines for type 1 diabetes in children, adolescents and adults. Canberra: Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, 2011. www.diabetessociety.com.au/downloads/Type1guidelines14Nov2011.pdf (accessed 15 November 2011).
  • Rossi S, ed. eAMH [online]. Adelaide: Australian Medicines Handbook, July 2012.
  • Sweetman S, ed. Martindale: The complete drug reference [online]. London: Pharmaceutical Press. www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/martindale/current/ (accessed 18 October 2011).
  • Baxter K, ed. Stockley's drug interactions: A source book of interactions, their mechanisms, clinical importance and management. 9th edn. London: Pharmaceutical Press, May 2010. www.medicinescomplete.com/mc/stockley/current/ (accessed 18 October 2011).
  • The relevant consumer medicine information and product information have been consulted for every medicine discussed.