Type 1 diabetes: overview
In Australia, 1 in 700 children has type 1 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes usually starts in childhood or adolescence — but it can begin at any age.
Type 1 diabetes usually runs in families, so if you have a close relative (a parent, brother or sister) with type 1 diabetes, you are more likely to develop it.
The body makes little or no insulin if you have type 1 diabetes, which leads to high levels of glucose (a type of sugar) in the blood.
Treatments for type 1 diabetes
While there is currently no cure for type 1 diabetes, it can be controlled by adopting a healthy lifestyle in addition to using injected insulin to control blood glucose levels.
Other types of diabetes
There are two other main types of diabetes:
- type 2 diabetes
- gestational diabetes.