Types and forms of insulin available in Australia for type 2 diabetes

Type of insulinBrand namesSource of insulinWhat forms does it come in?When should I inject it?
Insulin
(very short-acting)
NovoRapid
(insulin aspart)
ManufacturedNovoRapid vial
NovoRapid penfill
NovoRapid FlexPen
15 minutes before a meal
Humalog
(insulin lispro)
ManufacturedHumalog vial
Humalog cartridge
Humalog disposable pen
15 minutes before a meal
Apidra
(insulin glulisine)
ManufacturedApidra vial
Apidra cartridge
Apidra SoloStar
15 minutes before a meal
Insulin
(short-acting)
ActrapidHumanActrapid vial
Actrapid penfill
Within 30 minutes before a meal
Humulin RHumanHumulin R vial
Humulin R cartridge
Within 30 minutes before a meal
Hypurin NeutralBovineHypurin Neutral injectionWithin 30 minutes before a meal
Insulin
(intermediate-acting)
Humulin NPHHumanHumulin NPH vial
Humulin NPH cartridge
Once or twice per day depending on glucose levels
ProtaphaneHumanProtaphane vial
Protaphane penfill
Protaphane InnoLet
Once or twice per day depending on glucose levels
Hypurin IsophaneBovineHypurin Isophane vialOnce or twice per day depending on glucose levels
Insulin
(long-acting)
Lantus
(insulin glargine)
ManufacturedLantus vial
Lantus cartridge
Lantus SoloStar
Insulin glargine is injected once daily
Toujeo
(insulin glargine 
ManufacturedToujeo Solution for injectionInsulin glargine is injected once daily
Levemir
(insulin detemir)
ManufacturedLevemir penfill
Levemir FlexPen
Once or twice per day depending on glucose levels
Pre-mixed insulinsHumalog Mix 25ManufacturedHumalog Mix 25 cartridge
Humalog Mix 25 disposable pen
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
Humalog Mix 50ManufacturedHumalog Mix 50 cartridge
Humalog Mix 50 disposable pen
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
NovoMix 30ManufacturedNovoMix 30 penfill
NovoMix 30 FlexPen
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
Mixtard 30/70HumanMixtard 30/70 penfill
Mixtard 30/70 InnoLet
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
Humulin 30/70HumanHumulin 30/70 vial
Humulin 30/70 cartridge
Once or twice daily depending on glucose levels
Mixtard 50/50HumanMixtard 50/50 penfillOnce or twice daily depending on glucose levels