What is croup?
Croup is a fairly common chest condition affecting young children aged between 6 months and 3 years. It is a respiratory tract infection that affects the trachea (windpipe) and the bronchi (the two large airways that carry air from the trachea into the lungs). Its medical name is acute laryngo-tracheo-bronchitis.
A bark-like cough and a noisy high-pitched sound when breathing in (called stridor), are characteristic symptoms of croup, and distinguish croup from other coughs.
- Respiratory Expert Group. Therapeutic guidelines: Croup. In: eTG complete [online]. Melbourne: Therapeutic Guidelines Limited, 2012 (accessed 12 April 2012).
- Russell KF, Liang Y, O'Gorman K, et al. Glucocorticoids for croup. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2011, Issue 1. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001955.pub3.
- NHS Choices – croup: www.nhs.uk/Conditions/Croup/Pages/Introduction.aspx (accessed 18 April 201120)