Diabetes tests

Find reliable independent health and treatment information about diabetes tests written by Australian experts. This includes resources for consumers and health professionals.

About tests for diabetes

Medical tests (usually blood tests) are used both to diagnose diabetes and to monitor blood glucose and the effect of diet and medicines on blood glucose levels.

Diabetes can be diagnosed using a blood glucose test that measures the amount of glucose in your blood at the time of the test. Find out more about tests used to diagnose diabetes.

People with diagnosed diabetes (type 1 or type 2) will need to have their blood glucose levels monitored regularly using the HbA1c (glycated haemoglobin) test.

Find out more

For health professionals  

Population screening with blood glucose measurements is not generally recommended, but healthy 40 year olds (or 18-year-old Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people) should have a risk assessment using the AUSDRISK calculator. Almost 900,000 Australians report living with diabetes but the actual prevalence of diabetes in the population is double this with half the cases being undiagnosed.1,2

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Clinical information

The information below is intended for health professionals. It uses the latest guidelines and evidence to help health professionals and patients further understand the diagnosis and risk factors for type 2 diabetes.

  1. Australian Bureau of Statistics. Australian health survey: first results, 2011–12. 2012. [Online](accessed 28 January 2013).
  2. Colagiuri R, Girgis S, Gomez M, et al. National evidence based guideline for the primary prevention of type 2 diabetes. Canberra: Diabetes Australia and the NHMRC, 2009.

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