Madeline Tablets is a brand of medicine containing the active ingredients desogestrel - ethinyloestradiol.
Find out more about active ingredients.
Consumer medicine information (CMI) leaflet
Developed by the pharmaceutical company responsible for this medicine in Australia, according to TGA regulations.
Contains: 21 white active tablets, each containing 150 mcg of desogestrel and 30 mcg of ethinyloestradiol; 7 green placebo (inactive) tablets
Consumer Medicine Information
What is in this leaflet
Read this leaflet carefully before taking your medicine.
This leaflet answers some common questions about desogestrel and ethinyloestradiol. It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.
The information in this leaflet was last updated on the date listed on the last page. More recent information on this medicine may be available.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist:
- if there is anything you do not understand in this leaflet,
- if you are worried about taking your medicine, or
- to obtain the most up-to-date information.
All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you using this medicine against the benefits they expect it will have for you.
Pharmaceutical companies cannot give you medical advice or an individual diagnosis.
If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.
Read this information carefully before you start taking this medicine.
Keep this leaflet with your medicine. You may want to read it again.
What this medicine is used for
The name of your medicine is Madeline®. It contains the active ingredients desogestrel and ethinyloestradiol.
It is a combined oral contraceptive, commonly known as a "birth control pill" or "the Pill".
It is used to prevent pregnancy. You may also experience the following benefits:
- more regular periods, lighter bleeding
- a decrease in the occurrence of anaemia (iron deficiency)
- a decrease in period pain.
There is also evidence that some medical conditions such as pelvic inflammatory disease, ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy and disorders of the uterus (womb), ovaries and breast may be less common in women using combined oral contraceptives.
Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed this medicine for another reason.
This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.
How it works
When taken correctly, this medicine prevents pregnancy in two ways:
- it inhibits the egg release by stopping it maturing
- it changes the cervical mucus consistency making it difficult for the sperm to reach the egg.
There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.
Before you take this medicine
When you must not take it
Do not take this medicine if:
You are hypersensitive to, or have had an allergic reaction to, desogestrel, ethinyloestradiol or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include: cough, shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body; rash, itching or hives on the skin; fainting; or hay fever-like symptoms.
If you think you are having an allergic reaction, do not take any more of the medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at the nearest hospital.
- You are pregnant or think you might be pregnant.
You have or have had a blood clot in:
- the blood vessels of the legs (deep vein thrombosis)
- the lungs (pulmonary embolism)
- the heart (heart attack)
- the brain (stroke)
- other parts of the body.
You are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots.
Blood clots are rare. Very occasionally blood clots may cause serious permanent disabilities, or may even be fatal.
You are more at risk of having a blood clot when you take the Pill. However, the risk when taking the Pill is less than the risk during pregnancy.
You are concerned about an increased risk of blood clots because of age or smoking.
The risk of having a heart attack or stroke increases as you get older. It also increases if you smoke. You should stop smoking when taking the Pill, especially if you are older than 35 years of age.
- You have a family history of blood clots or have tested positive for Activated Protein C (APC) resistance, antithrombin-III deficiency, protein C deficiency, protein S deficiency, hyperhomocysteinaemia and antiphospholipid antibodies.
You have or have had any of the following:
- a condition that may be the first sign of a heart attack (such as angina pectoris or chest pain) or stroke (such as transient ischaemic attack or small reversible stroke)
- a history of migraine accompanied by visual symptoms, speech disability, or weakness or numbness in any part of the body
- diabetes mellitus with blood vessel damage
- pancreatitis (an inflammation of the pancreas) associated with high levels of fatty substances in your blood
- jaundice (yellowing of the skin) or severe liver disease and your liver function has not returned to normal
- a cancer that may grow under the influence of sex hormones (e.g. of the breast or of the genital organs)
- a benign or malignant liver tumour
- any unexplained vaginal bleeding.
If any of these conditions appear for the first time while using this medicine, stop taking it at once and tell your doctor.
Do not take this medicine if:
- The expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack has passed.
- The packaging is torn, shows signs of tampering or it does not look quite right.
Before you start to take it
Tell your doctor if:
- you smoke
- you are overweight
- you or anyone in your immediate family has had blood clots in the legs (thrombosis), a heart attack, a stroke, breast cancer or high cholesterol.
Before you start taking this medicine, tell your doctor if:
- You have allergies to:
- any other medicines
- any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.
- You have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
- high blood pressure
- heart valve disorder
- atrial fibrillation
- inflammation of your veins (superficial phlebitis)
- varicose veins
- liver disease
- gall bladder disease
- Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis (chronic inflammatory bowel disease)
- systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE, a disease affecting the skin, joints and kidneys)
- haemolytic uraemic syndrome (HUS, a disorder of blood coagulation causing failure of the kidneys)
- sickle cell disease
- a condition that occurred for the first time or worsened during pregnancy or previous use of sex hormones (e.g. hearing loss, a metabolic disease called porphyria, a skin disease called herpes gestationis, a neurological disease called Sydenham's chorea)
- chloasma (yellow brownish pigmentation patches on the skin, particularly of the face). If so, avoid too much exposure to the sun or ultraviolet radiation.
If any of the above conditions appear for the first time, or recur or worsen while taking this medicine, you should contact your doctor.
- You are currently pregnant or you plan to become pregnant. Do not take this medicine whilst pregnant.
- You are currently breastfeeding or you plan to breast-feed. This medicine is generally not recommended whilst breastfeeding.
- You are planning to have surgery or an anaesthetic.
- You are currently receiving or are planning to receive dental treatment.
- You are taking or are planning to take any other medicines. This includes vitamins and supplements that are available from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.
Some medicines may interact with desogestrel and/or ethinyloestradiol. These include:
- medicines for epilepsy (such as phenytoin, primidone, barbiturates, carbamazepine, oxcarbamazepine, topiramate, felbamate)
- medicines for tuberculosis (e.g. rifampicin and rifabutin)
- medicines for HIV infections (ritonavir)
- certain antibiotics (e.g. penicillin, and tetracyclines)
- antifungals (e.g. griseofulvin)
- cyclosporin, a medicine used for suppressing the immune system (i.e. during and after organ transplants)
- herbal medicines containing St. John's Wort primarily for the treatment of depressive moods.
If you are taking any of these you may need a different dose or you may need to take different medicines.
You may also need to use an additional barrier method of contraception (such as a condom or a diaphragm) while you are taking any of these medicines and for some time after stopping them. Your doctor will be able to advise how long you will need to use additional barrier contraceptive methods.
Other medicines not listed above may also interact with desogestrel and ethinyloestradiol.
Your doctor has more information on medicines that you need to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.
How to take this medicine
Follow carefully all directions given to you by your doctor. Their instructions may be different to the information in this leaflet.
The pack contains 28 tablets: 21 white tablets with active substances and 7 green placebo tablets that contain inactive substances.
How much to take
Take one tablet daily.
Do not stop taking your medicine or change your dosage without first checking with your doctor.
How to take it
Swallow each tablet whole with a glass of water.
When to take it
On the blister, each tablet is marked with the day of the week on which it is to be taken.
Take one tablet daily in the order directed on the blister, at about the same time every day. This will help you remember when to take it. It does not matter if you take this medicine before or after food.
You must take this medicine every day even if you do not have sex very often.
How to start this medicine
Start with a tablet from the blue zone marked with that day of week.
When no hormonal contraception has been used in the past month:
Start on the first day of your period (i.e. the first day of menstrual bleeding). Take a tablet from the blue zone marked with that day of the week. For example, if your period starts on a Wednesday, then take a tablet marked Wednesday. Then follow the days in order.
If your period starts on a Thursday or Friday, make sure you also use an additional barrier method of contraception (e.g. condom) for the first 7 days of white active tablet taking, as the Thursday and Friday tablets in the blue zone are green placebo (inactive) tablets.
Changing from another combined oral contraceptive, vaginal ring or transdermal patch:
Start the day after taking the last active tablet in your previous Pill pack (or at the latest on the day following the last placebo tablet or tablet free interval of your previous Pill pack), taking a tablet from the blue zone marked with that day of the week.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are not sure which the active tablets were in your previous Pill pack. Your previous Pill pack may have had different colour tablets to those of this medicine.
If a vaginal ring or transdermal patch has been used, start on the day of removal (but at the latest when the next application would have been due), taking a tablet from the blue zone marked with that day of the week.
Changing from a progestogen-only pill (minipill):
You may change any day, taking a tablet from the blue zone marked with that day of the week, but make sure you also use an additional barrier method of contraception (e.g. condom) for the first 7 days of white active tablet taking.
Changing from a progestogen-only implant or progesterone-releasing intrauterine system (IUS):
Change on the day of its removal, taking a tablet from the blue zone marked with that day of the week, and make sure you also use an additional barrier method of contraception (e.g. condom) for the first 7 days of white active tablet taking.
Changing from a progestogen-only injectable:
Change when the next injection would be due, taking a tablet from the blue zone marked with that day of the week, and make sure you also use an additional barrier method of contraception (e.g. condom) for the first 7 days of white active tablet taking.
After having a baby, miscarriage or abortion:
Your doctor will advise you.
How long to take it for
Daily tablet taking should be continuous. One tablet is taken daily for 28 consecutive days in the order directed on the blister.
Start a new blister pack on the day after the last green placebo (inactive) tablet of the previous pack.
If you do not understand the instructions, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.
If you forget to take it
Missed green placebo (inactive) tablets
Missed green placebo (inactive) tablets should be discarded to avoid accidentally extending the placebo tablet phase. Take the next tablet at the usual time. You are still protected against pregnancy because the green placebo (inactive) tablets do not contain any active ingredients.
Missed white active tablets
For this medicine to be most effective, white active tablets need to be taken every day without interruption for 7 days.
If you missed a white active tablet and take the missed tablet within 12 hours, you will be protected against pregnancy and should continue taking the tablets as normal.
If you missed a white active tablet (or several white active tablets - in which case also speak to your doctor for advice) and are more than 12 hours late, take the last missed white active tablet immediately, even if it means taking two tablets in one day. Make sure you also use an additional barrier method of contraception (e.g. condom) for the next 7 days and complete the pack as normal.
However, if these next 7 days include the taking of green placebo (inactive) tablets, the white active tablets of the next pack should be started as soon as the white active tablets from the current pack are finished.
If you missed one or more of the first 7 white active tablets and sexual intercourse has taken place, there is a possibility you may be pregnant. See your doctor for advice.
Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.
If you take too much (overdose)
If you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much of this medicine, immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (Tel: 13 11 26 in Australia) for advice. Alternatively, go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
While you are taking this medicine
Things you must do
Tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine if:
- you are about to be started on any new medicine
- you are pregnant or are planning to become pregnant
- you are breastfeeding or are planning to breast-feed
- you are about to have any blood tests
- you are going be immobilised, have surgery or an anaesthetic or are going into hospital (consult your doctor at least 4 weeks in advance).
Tell any other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you take this medicine.
When you are taking the Pill, your doctor will tell you to return for regular check ups, including getting a pap smear test. Your doctor will advise how often you need a pap smear test. A pap smear test can detect abnormal cells lining the cervix. Sometimes abnormal cells can progress to cancer.
The risk of having deep venous thrombosis is temporarily increased as a result of an operation or immobilisation (for example, when you have your leg or legs in plaster or splints). In women who take the Pill, the risk may be higher.
The excess risk of thrombosis is highest during the first year a woman takes a combined oral contraceptive. Your doctor may tell you to stop taking the Pill several weeks before surgery, or at the time of immobilisation, and when you can start taking the Pill again. If you notice possible signs of a thrombosis (see Possible side effects), stop taking the Pill and consult your doctor immediately.
Consult your doctor if you develop high blood pressure while taking this medicine - you may be told to stop taking it.
If you vomit within 3-4 hours or have severe diarrhoea after taking a white active tablet, the active ingredients may not have been completely absorbed. This is like missing a tablet. Follow the advice for missed tablets.
If you have unexpected bleeding and it continues, becomes heavy, or occurs again, tell your doctor. When taking these tablets for the first few months, you can have irregular vaginal bleeding (spotting or breakthrough bleeding) between your periods. You may need to use sanitary protection, but continue to take your tablets as normal. Irregular vaginal bleeding usually stops once your body has adjusted to the Pill, usually after about 3 months.
This medicine will not protect you from HIV-AIDS or any other Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs), such as chlamydia, genital herpes, genital warts, gonorrhoea, hepatitis B, human papilloma virus and syphilis.
To protect yourself from STDs, you will need to use an extra barrier method of contraception (e.g. condom). In this leaflet, several situations are described where you should stop taking the Pill, or where the reliability of the Pill may be decreased. In such situations you should not have sex or you should take extra non-hormonal contraceptive precautions, e.g. use a condom or another barrier method.
Do not use rhythm or temperature methods. These methods can be unreliable because the Pill alters the usual changes in temperature and cervical mucus that occur during the menstrual cycle.
Things you must not do
- Give this medicine to anyone else, even if their symptoms seem similar to yours.
- Take your medicine to treat any other condition unless your doctor tells you to.
- Stop taking your medicine, or change the dosage, without first checking with your doctor. You may become pregnant if you are not using any other contraceptive and you stop taking this medicine, or do not take a tablet every day.
Possible side effects
Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you do not feel well while taking this medicine.
Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious but most of the time they are not.
Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following:
- nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain or diarrhoea
- increase in body weight or fluid retention
- headache or migraine
- decreased sexual drive, increased sexual drive
- depressed mood or mood changes
- breast pain, breast tenderness or breast enlargement
- contact lens intolerance
- decrease in body weight
- breast secretion
- vaginal secretion
- erythema nodosum, erythema multiforme (these are skin conditions)
If you experience any of the following, stop taking your medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
These are very serious side effects and you may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation:
- an unusual cough
- severe pain in the chest which may reach the left arm
- any unusual, severe or prolonged headache or migraine attack
- partial or complete loss of vision, or double vision
- slurring or speech disability
- sudden changes to your hearing, sense of smell or taste
- dizziness or fainting
- weakness or numbness in any part of your body
- severe pain in your stomach
- severe pain or swelling in either of your legs.
The side effects listed above are possible signs of a thrombosis.
- lump in your breast
- unusual, heavy vaginal bleeding
- severe diarrhoea
- jaundice (yellowing of the eyes or skin).
Other side effects not listed above may occur in some patients.
Thrombosis and the Pill
Thrombosis is the formation of a blood clot that may block a blood vessel.
Thrombosis sometimes occurs in the deep veins of the legs (deep venous thrombosis (DVT)). If a blood clot breaks away from the veins where it has formed, it may reach and block the arteries of the lungs, causing pulmonary embolism (PE).
Blood clots are a rare occurrence and can develop whether or not you are taking an oral contraceptive. They can also happen during pregnancy. The risk of having blood clots is higher in oral contraceptive users than in non-users, but not as high as during pregnancy.
Therefore, you should consider the possibility of an increased risk of getting a blood clot, particularly where there is a history of thromboembolic diseases.
If you notice possible signs of a thrombosis, stop taking this medicine and consult your doctor immediately.
Cancer and the Pill
Breast cancer has been diagnosed slightly more often in women who take the Pill than in women of the same age who do not take the Pill. This slight increase in the numbers of breast cancer diagnoses gradually disappears during the course of the 10 years after women stop taking the Pill.
It is not known whether the difference is caused by the Pill. It may be that these women were examined more often, so that the breast cancer was noticed earlier.
In rare cases benign liver tumours and, even more rarely, malignant liver tumours have been reported in users of the Pill. These tumours may lead to internal bleeding. Contact your doctor immediately if you have severe pain in your abdomen.
Cervical cancer has been reported to occur more often in women who have been using the Pill for a long time. This finding may not be caused by the Pill, but may be related to sexual behaviour and other factors.
If you think you are having an allergic reaction to this medicine, do not take any more and tell your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.
Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include some or all of the following:
- cough, shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing
- swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body
- rash, itching or hives on the skin
- hay fever-like symptoms.
Storage and disposal
Keep your medicine in its original packaging until it is time to take it. If you take your medicine out of its original packaging it may not keep well.
Keep your medicine in a cool dry place where the temperature will stay below 25°C.
Do not store your medicine, or any other medicine, in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it on a window sill or in the car. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.
Keep this medicine where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.
If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or it has passed its expiry date, your pharmacist can dispose of the remaining medicine safely.
What Madeline® looks like
- 21 active tablets: round, biconvex, white, film-coated tablet with "MI" debossed on one side and "7" debossed on the other.
- 7 placebo tablets: round, biconvex, green, film-coated tablet with no markings.
Each white active tablet contains
- 150 micrograms of desogestrel and
- 30 micrograms of ethinyloestradiol
as the active ingredients.
It also contains the following inactive ingredients:
- maize starch,
- silicon dioxide,
- colloidal anhydrous silica,
- stearic acid,
- glycerol triacetate,
- polysorbate 80 and
- titanium dioxide.
Each green placebo tablet contains the following inactive ingredients:
- maize starch,
- colloidal anhydrous silica,
- magnesium stearate,
- glycerol triacetate,
- polysorbate 80,
- titanium dioxide,
- indigo carmine aluminium lake and
- iron oxide yellow.
This medicine is gluten-free, sucrose-free, tartrazine-free and free of other azo dyes.
Australian Registration Numbers
- MADELINE® desogestrel 150 micrograms and ethinyloestradiol 30 micrograms tablet blister pack:
AUST R 202833.
Apotex Pty Ltd
16 Giffnock Avenue
MADELINE is a registered trademark of Apotex Pty Ltd.
This leaflet was last updated in:
CMI provided by MIMS Australia, March 2014