Find reliable independent health and treatment information about antibiotics written by Australian experts. This includes resources for consumers and health professionals.

About antibiotics

Antibiotics are medicines used to treat a wide variety of infections or diseases caused by bacteria including respiratory tract infections (such as whooping cough and pneumonia), and skin and urinary tract infections.

If you are prescribed antibiotics, it is important that you follow your health professional’s advice on when, how, and for how long to take them. Find out more about how to take your antibiotics, if alcohol will affect your antibiotics, and if antibiotics can affect your contraceptive.

Using antibiotics when you don’t need them (e.g. if you have a cold or flu) can contribute to the problem of antibiotic resistance. Find out more about what antibiotic resistance is and what you can do to prevent it.

You can also search for your antibiotic by type or brand name.

Find out more

Join the fight against antibiotic resistance

NPS MedicineWise antibiotic resistance pledge badge

The development of antibiotics was one of the most important advances of medicine. Now, because of the overuse and misuse of antibiotics, bacterial infections that were once easily cured with antibiotics are becoming harder to treat.

This is due to antibiotic resistance. It has been identified by the WHO as one of the greatest threats to human health today.

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For health professionals  

Prescribing a routine course of antibiotics significantly increases the likelihood of an individual carrying a resistant bacterial strain — resistant bacteria can be spread to family, friends and the broader community. To minimise antibiotic resistance, only prescribe an antibiotic:1

  • when benefits to the patient are likely to be substantial
  • of the narrowest spectrum to treat the likely pathogen
  • at the appropriate dose and for the appropriate duration.

In Australia, antibiotic resistance in common pathogens causing RTIs has increased over the past 20 years. Streptococcus pneumoniae resistance to macrolide antibiotics has increased from 8.7% in 1994 to 20.4% in 2007, and this trend is continues.

Our CPD activities

Consolidate your knowledge on antibiotics, brush-up on current guidelines and practices and earn CPD points through our learning activities.

For your patients

Use the following tools and resources especially designed for use in your consultations with patients.

Clinical information

The information below is intended for health professionals. It uses the latest guidelines and evidence to help health professionals further understand the issues around antibiotic resistance. It also includes tools and resources to help educate patients and carers

Other tools and resources

  1. Therapeutic Guidelines: Antibiotic. 14th edn. Melbourne: Therapeutic Guidelines Ltd, 2010.

Take the pledge

a doctor speaking to an elderly gentleman patient

Antibiotic resistance is everyone's problem. All health professionals have a responsibility to preserve the miracle of antibiotics.

If you are prescribing, dispensing or working with people taking antibiotics, take the pledge and help reduce the threat of antibiotic resistance.

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Latest information - antibiotics


(Media release)
21 Sep 2015 The latest RACF Medicinewise Report assists in review of antibiotics for urinary tract infections (UTIs) in residential aged care facilities. Read more.
(Media release)
15 Sep 2015 Antibiotic Awareness Week 2015 will take place from 16–22 November. Read more about the global action plan to combat antibiotic resistance.
25 Jun 2015 When a cold or flu strikes symptoms can last for a week or 10 days. But will antibiotics really help you recover faster? Take part in the cold and flu recovery race and find out.
24 Jun 2015 Antibiotics are not always necessary for treating coughs, colds and flu. Find out how you can manage your cough, cold or flu without antibiotics.
20 Jun 2015 Antibiotic resistance is happening right now in the Australian community. Take the pledge to become a resistance fighter and reduce prescribing of antibiotics.
For health professionals (Topic)
19 May 2015 A pledge to fight antibiotic resistance for doctors, GPs and other health professionals
For health professionals (Health professional publication)
23 Dec 2014 New research suggests a link between use of antibiotics in infants in the first 2 years of life and later childhood obesity; a causative link is yet to be demonstrated. Can increased antibiotic exposure in infancy lead to obesity?
For health professionals (CPD activity)
15 Dec 2014 This continuing professional development activity assists pharmacists and nurses to reflect on management of urinary tract infections (UTIs) and use of antibiotics.
20 Nov 2014 Antibiotic resistance is a threat to public health. Take the pledge to become a resistance fighter & reduce prescribing of antibiotics.
For health professionals (CPD activity)
19 Nov 2014 This free continuing professional development (CPD) activity for pharmacists, GPs and nurses is a case study on antibiotics for urinary tract infections.