Antibiotic resistance — a problem for everyone
Antibiotic use not only increases antibiotic resistance at a population level but also at an individual level.1,2
- Prescribing a routine course of antibiotics significantly increases the likelihood of an individual carrying a resistant bacterial strain3,4 —resistant bacteria can be spread to family, friends and the broader community.
- In an Australian prospective study use of antibiotics led to an increase in carriage of resistant bacterial strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae in the nasal flora of preschool children.3
- In a meta-analysis resistant bacteria were demonstrated to persist for up to 12 months in individuals prescribed an antibiotic in primary care for a respiratory infection.5,6
- Resistance patterns vary with time and by location: get up-to-date information on local antibiotic resistance patterns (known as antibiograms).
Poster: antibiotic resistance – one of the greatest threats to human health
Antibiotic resistance is a threat to human health. Download this poster explaining the problem and how you can be part of the solution.
- Australian Group on Antimicrobial Resistance (AGAR). AGAR Surveys: schedule and overview. 2011. (accessed 15 May 2012).
- Pray L. Antibiotic R&D: resolving the paradox between unmet medical need and commercial incentive. Cambridge Healthtech Institute, (Insight Pharma Reports). Needham, MA, 2008.
- Nasrin D, Collignon PJ, Roberts L, et al. Effect of beta lactam antibiotic use in children on pneumococcal resistance to penicillin: prospective cohort study. BMJ 2002;324:28–30.
- Chung A, Perera R, Brueggemann AB, et al. Effect of antibiotic prescribing on antibiotic resistance in individual children in primary care: prospective cohort study. BMJ 2007;335:429.
- Costelloe C, Metcalfe C, Lovering A, et al. Effect of antibiotic prescribing in primary care on antimicrobial resistance in individual patients: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2010;340:c2096.
- Malhotra-Kumar S, Lammens C, Coenen S, et al. Effect of azithromycin and clarithromycin therapy on pharyngeal carriage of macrolide-resistant streptococci in healthy volunteers: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. Lancet 2007;369:482–90.