Letter to the Editor
Editor, – The article on preoperative assessment (Aust Prescr 2014;37:188-91) was a good review, but unfortunately omitted the critical issue of smoking. Smoking causes increased cardiorespiratory complications, intensive care admissions, mortality, wound infections and poorer wound healing after surgery. Smoking cessation before elective surgery can significantly improve postoperative outcomes.1 The perioperative period is a teachable moment when patients are more motivated to quit,2 and some patients who quit may remain abstinent after discharge. However, many opportunities to assist smokers are being missed and most continue to smoke up to the day of surgery.3
The Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists recommends a simple and brief intervention known as the A-A-R strategy.4 It involves:
- Asking about smoking status
- Advising smokers to quit
- Referring them for smoking cessation support.
Smokers can be referred to Quitline (137 848), general practitioners or Tobacco Treatment Specialists (www.aascp.org.au). A brief smoking intervention such as Ask Advise and Refer should be a routine part of preoperative elective surgery care for all anaesthetists and surgeons.
Tobacco Treatment Specialist
The Sydney Clinic Consulting Rooms
Colin Mendelsohn has received honoraria for teaching, consulting and travel from Pfizer, GlaxoSmithKline, and Johnson & Johnson. He sits on Pfizer’s Champix Advisory Board.
- Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med 2011;124:144-154.
- Shi Y, Warner DO. Surgery as a teachable moment for smoking cessation. Anesthesiology 2010;112:102-7.
- Webb AR, Robertson N, Sparrow M. Smokers know little of their increased surgical risks and may quit on surgical advice. ANZ J Surg 2013;83:753-7.
- Australian and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA). Guidelines on smoking as related to the perioperative period. Melbourne: ANZCA; 2014. .
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