What is osteoporosis?
Osteoporosis develops when your bones lose minerals faster than your body replaces them, so that your bones become fragile and brittle. The more fragile your bones are, the more likely they are to fracture or break. A minor incident that might normally result in a bruise or a scratch in a healthy adult can cause a fracture or break in someone with osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis can significantly affect day-to-day activities. Just over one-third of people with osteoporosis experience some limitations to their core activities and 15% experience severe restrictions in their daily life.
Effective medicines are available to treat osteoporosis and help avoid fractures. Improving your diet and lifestyle and reducing your risk of falls can also help.
Complications of osteoporosis
The most common osteoporotic fractures happen in the hips, spine and wrists. These types of fractures can cause long-term pain, disability and loss of independence.
Osteoporotic fractures that occur in the spine can also lead to changes in your posture (eg, stooped back) and loss of height.