Consumer medicine information

Blooms the Chemist Lercanidipine Tablets

Lercanidipine hydrochloride


Brand name

Blooms the Chemist Lercanidipine Tablets

Active ingredient

Lercanidipine hydrochloride




Consumer medicine information (CMI) leaflet

Please read this leaflet carefully before you start using Blooms the Chemist Lercanidipine Tablets.

What is in this leaflet

Read this leaflet carefully before taking your medicine.

This leaflet answers some of the common questions about lercanidipine. It does not contain all the available information. It does not replace seeking advice from your doctor or pharmacist.

The information in this leaflet was last updated on the date listed on the last page. More recent information on this medicine may be available.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist:

  • if there is anything you do not understand in this leaflet,
  • if you are worried about taking your medicine, or
  • to obtain the most up-to-date information.

All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risks of you taking lercanidipine against the benefits this medicine is expected to have for you.

Pharmaceutical companies cannot give you medical advice or an individual diagnosis.

Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.

What this medicine is used for

The name of your medicine is Blooms The Chemist Lercanidipine. It contains the active ingredient, lercanidipine (as lercanidipine hydrochloride).

Lercanidipine belongs to a group of medicines called dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers.

Lercanidipine helps lower high blood pressure, otherwise known as hypertension.

This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

How it works

This medicine works by relaxing some of the blood vessels in the body and reducing resistance to the flow of blood through the blood vessels.

Everyone has blood pressure. This pressure helps get your blood all around your body. Your blood pressure may be different at different times of the day, depending on how busy or worried you are. If your blood pressure stays higher than is needed, even when you are calm and relaxed, you have hypertension (high blood pressure).

There are usually no symptoms of hypertension. The only way of knowing that you have hypertension is to have your blood pressure checked on a regular basis. If high blood pressure is not treated it can lead to serious health problems. You may feel fine and have no symptoms, but hypertension can cause stroke, heart disease and kidney failure.

There is no evidence that this medicine is addictive.

Use in children

This medicine should not be used in children.

Before you take this medicine

When you must not take it

Do not take this medicine if:

  • You have or have had any of the following:
    - severe liver or kidney disease.
    - taking another medicine called cyclosporine.
  • You are hypersensitive to, or have had an allergic reaction to, lercanidipine or any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
    Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include: cough, shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing; swelling of the face, lips, tongue, throat or other parts of the body; rash, itching or hives on the skin; fainting; or hay fever-like symptoms.
    If you think you are having an allergic reaction, do not take any more of the medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at the nearest hospital.
  • The expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack has passed.
  • The packaging is torn, shows signs of tampering or it does not look quite right.

Before you start to take it

Before you start taking this medicine, tell your doctor if:

  1. You have allergies to:
  • any other medicines
  • any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.
  1. You have or have had any medical conditions, especially the following:
  • liver or kidney disease or you are on dialysis
  • other heart conditions such as: heart disease, uncontrolled heart failure, an obstruction to the flow of blood from the heart (aortic stenosis), unstable angina (chest pain or tightness at rest or progressively increasing) or you have had a heart attack (myocardial infarction) one month ago or less and/or you require a pacemaker.
  • taking other drugs for high blood pressure, such as beta-blockers, diuretics, ACE-inhibitors or angiotensin II receptor antagonists.
  1. You are currently pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Do not take this medicine whilst pregnant until you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits involved.
  2. You are currently breastfeeding or you plan to breast-feed. Do not take this medicine whilst breastfeeding until you and your doctor have discussed the risks and benefits involved.
  3. You are planning to have surgery or on an anaesthetic.
  4. You are currently receiving or are planning to receive dental treatment.
  5. You are taking or are planning to take any other medicines. This includes vitamins and supplements that are available from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Taking other medicines

Some medicines may interact with lercanidipine. These include:

  • cyclosporine
  • ritonavir
  • ketoconazole
  • itraconazole
  • erythromycin
  • fluoxetine
  • cimetidine
  • phenytoin
  • carbamazepine
  • rifampicin
  • amiodarone
  • quinidine
  • digoxin
  • simvastatin
  • metoprolol
  • propranolol

If you are taking any of these you may need a different dose or you may need to take different medicines.

Other medicines not listed above may also interact with this medicine.

How to take this medicine

Follow carefully all directions given to you by your doctor. Their instructions may be different to the information in this leaflet.

How much to take

Your doctor will tell you how much of this medicine you should take. This will depend on your condition and whether you are taking any other medicines.

The usual dose is one 10 mg tablet taken once daily, but may be increased to 20 mg once daily.

Do not stop taking your medicine or change your dosage without first checking with your doctor.

If you do not understand the instructions on the box, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.

How to take it

Swallow the tablet whole with a glass of water.

When to take it

Take this medicine at about the same time each day, at least 15 minutes before a meal.

This medicine will have the best effect if it is taken at the same time each day. This will also help you remember when to take the tablets.

How long to take it for

Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you.

This medicine helps control your condition but does not cure it therefore you must not stop taking it unless your doctor tells you to.

Make sure you have enough to last over weekends and holidays.

If you forget to take it

If you forget to take a dose but remember within 12 hours from when the dose was due, take it straight away, then continue as normal the next day. Otherwise skip that day's dose and take the next day's dose when it is due.

If you are not sure what to do, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

Do not take a double dose to make up for missed doses. This may increase the chance of unwanted side effects.

If you have trouble remembering to take your tablets, ask your pharmacist for some hints to help you remember.

If you have missed several doses, consult your doctor.

If you use too much (overdose)

If you think that you or anyone else may have taken too much of this medicine, immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (Tel: 13 11 26 in Australia) for advice. Alternatively go to the Accident and Emergency Department at your nearest hospital,

Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention. Keep telephone numbers of these places/services handy.

If you take too much of this medicine, it may cause your blood pressure to become too low and you may feel your heart beat becomes irregular and faster. It may also lead to unconsciousness.

While you are taking this medicine

Things you must do

Tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine if:

  • You are about to be started on any new medicine
  • You are pregnant or are planning to become pregnant
  • You are breast-feeding or are planning to breast-feed
  • You are about to have any blood tests
  • You are going to have surgery or are going into hospital.

Your doctor may occasionally do tests to make sure the medicine is working and to prevent side effects. Be sure to keep all of your doctor's appointments so that your progress can be checked.

Tell any other doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you take this medicine.

Things you must not do

Do not:

  • Give this medicine to a child under the age of 18 years.
  • Give this medicine to anyone else, even if their symptoms seem similar to yours
  • Take your medicine to treat any other condition unless your doctor or pharmacist tells you to
  • Stop taking your medicine, or change the dosage, without first checking with your doctor.

Things to be careful of

Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how this medicine affects you.

This medicine generally does not affect your ability to drive a car or operate machinery. However, as with other medicines used to treat high blood pressure, some people may feel dizzy, light-headed or faint, especially when first taking this medicine or changing your dose.

Your doctor may also ask you to limit or stop your alcohol intake while taking medicines used to control your blood pressure as alcohol may increase these effects.

If you feel light-headed, dizzy or faint when getting out of bed or standing up, get up slowly.

Grapefruit juice can increase the effects of some medicines including lercanidipine. If you are taking lercanidipine speak to your doctor or pharmacist before drinking grapefruit juice or changing your intake of grapefruit juice. As with some medicines, used to treat high blood pressure (such as lercanidipine), you should avoid drinking grapefruit juice as grapefruit juice may increase the effects of these medicines.

Possible side effects

Tell your doctor as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking lercanidipine or if you have any questions or concerns.

Do not be alarmed by the following lists of side effects. You may not experience any of them. All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious but most of the time they are not.

Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following:

  • flushing
  • swelling of the ankles, feet or lower legs
  • headache
  • dizziness
  • gastrointestinal disturbances such as heartburn, nausea, abdominal pain or diarrhoea
  • muscle weakness
  • fatigue or sleepiness.

If you experience any of the following, stop taking your medicine and contact your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.

These are very serious side effects and are usually rare. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation:

  • angina (chest pain or tightness)
  • increased heart beat or heart palpitations
  • difficulty breathing

Other side effects not listed above may occur in some patients.

Allergic reactions

If you think you are having an allergic reaction to lercanidipine, tell your doctor immediately or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.

Symptoms of an allergic reaction may include some or all of the following:

  • cough, shortness of breath, wheezing or difficulty breathing.
  • swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or other parts of the body
  • rash, itching or hives on the skin
  • fainting
  • hayfever-like symptoms.

Storage and disposal


Keep your medicine in the original packaging until it is time to take them. If you take your medicine out of the original packaging, it may not keep well.

Keep your medicine in a cool dry place where the temperature will stay below 30°C.

Do not store your medicine, or any other medicine, in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it on a window sill or in the car. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Keep this medicine where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.


If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or they have passed their expiry date, your pharmacist can dispose of the remaining medicine safely.

Product description

What Blooms The Chemist Lercanidipine looks like

Blooms The Chemist Lercanidipine is available in 10 mg or 20 mg tablets.

10 mg Tablets:
Yellow coloured, film coated, round shaped, biconvex tablets, engraved 'APO' on one side and score line on the other side.

Blister packs of 14, 28 and 30 tablets.

20 mg Tablets:
Pink coloured, film coated, round shaped, biconvex tablets, engraved 'APO' on one side and score line on the other side.

Blister packs of 14, 28 and 30 tablets.

* Not all strengths, pack types and/or pack sizes may be available.


Each tablet contains 10 mg or 20 mg of lercanidipine (as lercanidipine hydrochloride) as the active ingredient.

It also contains the following inactive ingredients:

  • Cellulose-microcrystalline
  • lactose monohydrate
  • croscarmellose sodium
  • butylated hydroxytoluene
  • magnesium stearate
  • hypromellose
  • macrogol 8000
  • titanium dioxide
  • purified talc
  • yellow iron oxide (10 mg only)
  • red iron oxide (20 mg only).

This medicine is gluten-free, sucrose-free, tartrazine-free and free of other azo dyes.

Australian Registration Numbers

Blooms The Chemist Lercanidipine 10 mg tablets (Blister pack) : AUST R 163767.

Blooms The Chemist Lercanidipine 20 mg tablets (Blister pack) : AUST R 163766.


Apotex Pty Ltd
16 Giffnock Avenue
Macquarie Park, NSW 2113

This leaflet was prepared in July 2016


Brand name

Blooms the Chemist Lercanidipine Tablets

Active ingredient

Lercanidipine hydrochloride




Name of the medicine

Lercanidipine hydrochloride.


Microcrystalline cellulose, lactose monohydrate, croscarmellose sodium, butylated hydroxytoluene, magnesium stearate, hypromellose, macrogol 8000, titanium dioxide, purified talc, yellow iron oxide (10 mg only) and red iron oxide (20 mg only).


Chemical name: 3,5-pyridinedicarboxylic acid, 1,4-dihydro-2, 6-dimethyl-4-(3-nitrophenyl)-2-[(3,3-diphenylpropyl)methylamino]-1,1-dimethylethyl methyl ester hydrochloride. Molecular formula: C36H42ClN3O6. MW: 648.2 (free base: 611.7). CAS: 132866-11-6. Octanol:water partition coefficient (logP): 6.4.
Lercanidipine is a dihydropyridine derivative. It is a racemate due to the presence of a chiral carbon atom at position 4 of the 1,4-dihydropyridine ring.
Lercanidipine hydrochloride is a yellow amorphous powder, readily soluble in chloroform and methanol, practically insoluble in water.


Pharmacological actions.

Lercanidipine is a calcium antagonist of the dihydropyridine group and selectively inhibits the transmembrane influx of calcium into cardiac and vascular smooth muscle, with a greater effect on vascular smooth muscle than on cardiac smooth muscle. The antihypertensive action is due to a direct relaxant effect on vascular smooth muscle which lowers total peripheral resistance and hence blood pressure. Lercanidipine has a prolonged antihypertensive activity because of its high membrane partition coefficient. It is devoid of negative inotropic effects and its vascular selectivity is due to its voltage dependent calcium antagonist activity. Since the vasodilatation induced by lercanidipine hydrochloride is gradual in onset, acute hypotension with reflex tachycardia has rarely been observed in hypertensive patients.
As for other asymmetric 1,4-dihydropyridines, the antihypertensive activity of lercanidipine is mainly due to the (S)-enantiomer. No significant effects on ECG have been seen.



Lercanidipine is completely absorbed after oral administration. Peak plasma levels of 3.30 nanogram/mL ± 2.09 s.d and 7.66 nanogram/mL ± 5.90 s.d occur 1.5-3 hours after dosing with 10 mg and 20 mg, respectively. The absolute bioavailability of lercanidipine is about 10%, because of high first-pass metabolism. The bioavailability increases 4-fold when lercanidipine is ingested up to 2 hours after a high fat meal, and about 2-fold when taken immediately after a carbohydrate rich meal. Consequently, lercanidipine should be taken at least 15 minutes before a meal.
With oral administration, lercanidipine exhibits nonlinear kinetics. After 10, 20 or 40 mg, peak plasma concentrations observed were in the ratio 1:3:8 and areas under plasma concentration time curves in the ratio 1:4:18, showing a progressive saturation of first-pass metabolism. Accordingly, bioavailability increases as dosage increases. The two enantiomers of lercanidipine have a similar time to peak plasma concentration. The peak plasma concentration and AUC are, on average, 1.2-fold higher for the (S)-enantiomer. No in vivo interconversion of enantiomers is observed.


Distribution of lercanidipine from plasma to tissues and organs is rapid and extensive. Serum protein binding exceeds 98%. The free fraction of lercanidipine may be increased in patients with renal or hepatic impairment as plasma protein levels are decreased in these disease states.


As for other dihydropyridine derivatives, lercanidipine is extensively metabolised by CYP3A4. It is predominantly converted to inactive metabolites; no parent drug is found in the urine or faeces. About 50% of the dose is excreted in the urine.


The mean terminal elimination half-life of S- and R-lercanidipine enantiomers is 5.8 ± 2.5 and 7.7 ± 3.8 hours, respectively. No accumulation was seen upon repeated administration. The therapeutic activity of lercanidipine lasts for 24 hours, due to its high binding to lipid membranes.

Elderly patients.

In elderly patients, the pharmacokinetics of lercanidipine are similar to those observed in the general population.

Hepatic impairment.

A study in patients with mild hepatic impairment (Child-Pugh class A) showed that the pharmacokinetic behaviour of the drug is similar to that observed in the general population. No studies have been undertaken in patients with moderate or severe hepatic impairment.

Renal impairment.

In patients with severe renal dysfunction (creatinine clearance < 12 mL/min) or dialysis dependent patients, plasma levels were increased by about 70%. As a consequence, the drug should be contraindicated in severe renal impairment.

Clinical Trials

Placebo controlled studies.

Lercanidipine has been compared to placebo in four (4) to 16 week studies, involving 671 patients with mild-moderate essential hypertension. All studies used a 3 week placebo run in period. Endpoints were diastolic and systolic blood pressure 24 hours postdose. Both 10 mg and 20 mg once daily significantly lowered diastolic and systolic blood pressure compared to placebo, and the reduction in blood pressure was maintained throughout the 24 hour dosing period.
Diastolic blood pressure changes observed after 4 week treatment with 10-20 mg daily lercanidipine ranged between 8 and 13 mmHg, as compared to 3-6 mmHg induced by placebo.
Studies with 24 hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring have documented that the antihypertensive effect of lercanidipine is maintained throughout the 24 hour dosing period, with limited variations between peak (5-7 hours postdosing) and trough blood pressure changes.

Active controlled studies.

Four clinical trials involving 538 patients with mild-moderate essential hypertension have compared lercanidipine with nifedipine SR, atenolol, hydrochlorothiazide and captopril. Trials included a 2 week washout period followed by a 3 week placebo run in, and 12-16 weeks of active treatment. Diastolic and systolic blood pressure was measured 24 hours postdose. Lercanidipine was as effective as the comparator drugs, and at least as well tolerated. 24 hour blood pressure monitoring was used in a comparative, cross over trial of lercanidipine versus amlodipine (n = 16). The effect of lercanidipine paralleled that of amlodipine throughout the 24 hour period.

Patients with isolated systolic hypertension.

The effect of lercanidipine 10-20 mg daily on isolated systolic hypertension was studied in a double blind, randomised, placebo controlled study in 83 elderly patients (sitting SBP > 160 mmHg and sitting DBP < 95 mmHg). The study consisted of 1 week washout, 3 weeks placebo run in, and 8 weeks of active treatment. Systolic and diastolic blood pressure was measured 24 hours postdose. Lercanidipine 10 to 20 mg was efficacious in lowering systolic blood pressure from the initial values of 172.6 ± 5.6 mmHg to 140.2 ± 8.7 mmHg (mean ± SD, per protocol population in all patients completing the whole 8 weeks of double blind treatment), as compared to the changes in the placebo group (from 172.4 ± 6.3 to 162.8 ± 9.7 mmHg). Therefore, at study endpoint, patients treated with lercanidipine experienced a significantly greater decrease (-22.6 mmHg, p < 0.001) in sitting systolic blood pressure in comparison to placebo. The diastolic blood pressure was within normal range.

Long-term studies.

In long-term studies, 399 patients were followed for 12 months, with dose titration allowed every 4 weeks, to 30 mg daily. Development of tolerance was not seen. The antihypertensive effect was maintained, and the heart rate was not significantly affected. A further fall in blood pressure was seen after the first and second month, with blood pressure stabilising in the third month. The majority of patients remained on 10 mg once daily.


Lercanidipine is indicated for the treatment of hypertension.


Hypersensitivity to lercanidipine, any dihydropyridine or any other ingredient in lercanidipine tablets (see Excipients).
Severe hepatic impairment.
Severe renal impairment (creatinine clearance < 12 mL/min).
Concomitant treatment of lercanidipine tablets with cyclosporin should be avoided.


Ischaemic heart disease.

It has been suggested that some short acting dihydropyridines may be associated with increased cardiovascular risk in patients with ischaemic heart disease. Although lercanidipine is long acting, caution should be required in such patients.

Outflow obstruction (aortic stenosis).

Lercanidipine should be administered with caution in patients with left ventricular outflow obstruction (aortic stenosis).

Congestive heart failure.

In general calcium channel blockers should be used with caution in patients with heart failure. Although animal data and acute haemodynamic evaluation in patients with preserved left ventricular function have not demonstrated that lercanidipine exerts a direct negative inotropic effect, safety in patients with congestive heart failure has not been established. Therefore, as for other calcium channel blockers, lercanidipine should be used with caution in such patients, especially if untreated.

Unstable angina pectoris or within one month of a myocardial infarction.

Rarely patients have developed documented increased frequency, duration and/or severity of angina on starting calcium channel blocker therapy or at the time of dosage increase (particularly those with severe obstructive coronary artery disease). The mechanism of this effect has not been elucidated; however the possibility of an exacerbation of angina and/or cardiac ischaemia exists. It is therefore suggested that the use of calcium channel blockers is not advisable in patients with unstable angina pectoris or recent myocardial infarction.

Carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, impairment of fertility.

No evidence for genotoxic activity was observed with lercanidipine in in vitro assays of gene mutation (reverse mutation in S. Typhimurium, forward mutation in Chinese hamster V79 fibroblasts), gene conversion (in Saccharomyces cerevisiae D4) or chromosomal damage (CHO cytogenetic assay). Negative findings were also obtained with lercanidipine in an in vivo assay of chromosomal damage (mouse micronucleus test).
Carcinogenicity studies of lercanidipine (administered via the diet) have been performed in rats and mice (18 months), using doses up to 60 mg/kg/day for mice and 5 mg/kg/day for rats. Plasma concentrations (AUC) of lercanidipine at the highest doses used in these studies were about 2-4 times the highest AUC expected in humans during treatment with lercanidipine. Lercanidipine showed no evidence of carcinogenic activity in these studies.
Administration of lercanidipine at oral doses up to 12 mg/kg/day (associated with plasma lercanidipine concentration (AUC) about 20-40 times higher than the expected human AUC) had no effect in male or female fertility in rat.

Use in pregnancy.

(Category C)
There is no clinical experience with lercanidipine in pregnancy, but other dihydropyridine compounds have been found to cause irreversible malformations in animals. Therefore, lercanidipine should not be administered during pregnancy or to women with childbearing potential unless effective contraception is used.
In animal studies, pregnant rats given lercanidipine orally at doses ≥ 2.5 mg/kg/day, beginning prior to mating, or 12 mg/kg/day, beginning from early gestation, showed signs of distocia and had an increased incidence of stillbirths and a lower neonatal survival index. The no-effect dose for effects on parturition and neonatal survival was 0.5 mg/kg/day (associated with lercanidipine concentration (AUC) about 50% of the expected human AUC) when dosing started before pregnancy or 2.5 mg/kg/day (about 3 times the human AUC) when dosing started during early gestation. Administration with lercanidipine at doses of 2.5 mg/kg/day during gestation also caused a higher incidence of foetal visceral abnormalities (mono/ bilateral renal pelvic and/or ureteric dilatation) and skeletal abnormalities (mainly delayed ossification) at all dose levels. A no-effect dose was not established. The effects of lercanidipine during pregnancy have not been investigated adequately in a nonrodent species.

Use in lactation.

There is no clinical experience with lercanidipine in lactation. Distribution into milk may be expected, due to the high lipophilicity of lercanidipine. Therefore, lercanidipine should not be administered to lactating women.

Paediatric use.

Due to lack of clinical experience, lercanidipine is not recommended for use in patients under the age of 18.

Use in the elderly.

Although the pharmacokinetic data and clinical experience suggest that no adjustment of the daily dose is required, special care should be exercised when initiating treatment in the elderly.

Use in hepatic impairment.

The pharmacokinetics of lercanidipine in patients with mild hepatic impairment are similar to those observed in the general population. However, there are no studies in patients with moderate hepatic impairment and dosage recommendations have not been established. Lercanidipine should therefore be used with caution in this patient group and careful monitoring undertaken during treatment, since the bioavailability and hypotensive effect may be increased. The use of lercanidipine in patients with moderate hepatic impairment should only be undertaken if the benefits are considered to outweigh the risks. Lercanidipine is contraindicated, in patients with severe hepatic disease.

Use in renal impairment.

Although the pharmacokinetics of lercanidipine in patients with mild to moderate renal impairment are similar to those observed in the general population, special care should be exercised when commencing treatment in such patients. The usual recommended dose of 10 mg daily may be tolerated; however, an increase to 20 mg daily should be approached with caution.

Peritoneal dialysis.

Lercanidipine has been associated with the development of cloudy peritoneal effluent in patients on peritoneal dialysis. The turbidity is due to an increased triglyceride concentration in the peritoneal effluent. Whilst the mechanism is unknown, the turbidity tends to resolve soon after withdrawal of lercanidipine. This is an important association to recognise as cloudy peritoneal effluent can be mistaken for infective peritonitis with consequential unnecessary hospitalisation and empiric antibiotic administration.

Effect on laboratory tests.

There were reports of isolated and reversible increases in serum levels of hepatic transaminases; no other clinically significant pattern of laboratory test abnormalities related to lercanidipine has been observed. Lercanidipine does not affect blood sugar or lipid levels.


Lercanidipine has been safely administered with diuretics and ACE inhibitors. It may also be administered safely with beta-blockers which are eliminated unchanged (such as atenolol).

Inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome CYP3A4.

Since the main metabolic pathway of lercanidipine involves the enzyme CYP3A4, drugs that inhibit or induce this enzyme have the potential to alter the plasma concentration of the compound.
Therefore, inhibitors of CYP3A4 (such as ketoconazole, itraconazole, erythromycin, ritonavir and fluoxetine) may increase the plasma concentration of lercanidipine, and such combinations should be used with caution.
When coadministered with CYP3A4 inducers, such as anticonvulsants (e.g. phenytoin, carbamazepine) and rifampicin, the antihypertensive effect of lercanidipine may be reduced and, therefore, blood pressure should be monitored when the coadministration is foreseen.

CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 substrates.

The potential for in vivo inhibition of CYP3A4 by lercanidipine is negligible, as confirmed by an interaction study with midazolam in healthy volunteers. After repeated coadministration with lercanidipine, midazolam (a probe for CYP3A4 activity) was found to be essentially bioequivalent to the drug administered alone. However, unless specific data are available, caution should also be exercised when lercanidipine is coprescribed with other substrates of CYP3A4 which have a narrow therapeutic index, such as cyclosporin, and class III antiarrhythmic drugs (e.g. amiodarone and quinidine).
Coadministration of lercanidipine with cyclosporin resulted in a 3-fold increase in the plasma levels of lercanidipine and a 21% increase in the bioavailability of cyclosporin. However, when cyclosporin was administered 3 hours after lercanidipine, no increase in plasma levels was observed for lercanidipine, while the bioavailability of cyclosporine increased by 27%. Therefore, cyclosporin and lercanidipine should not be administered together.
Moreover, interaction studies in humans have shown that lercanidipine did not modify the plasma levels of metoprolol, (a typical substrate of CYP2D6). Therefore, at therapeutic doses it is unlikely that lercanidipine will inhibit the biotransformation of drugs metabolized by CYP2D6.
These findings confirm that the inhibition of cytochrome P450 isoenzymes observed in vitro with lercanidipine is devoid of any clinical significance. In vitro experiments with human liver microsomes demonstrated that lercanidipine inhibits CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 (IC50 of 2.6 microM and 0.8 microM, respectively). The IC50 concentrations for CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 are 160 and 40-fold higher, respectively, than those reached at peak in the plasma after a 20 mg dose.


When lercanidipine was administered with metoprolol, a beta-blocker eliminated mainly by the liver, the bioavailability of metoprolol was not changed, while that of lercanidipine was reduced by 50%. Therefore, when coadministered with metoprolol, it may be necessary to increase the dose of lercanidipine. It is anticipated that a similar effect may occur with propranolol.

Cardiac glycosides.

Coadministration of lercanidipine in patients chronically treated with beta-methyldigoxin (a prodrug of digoxin) showed no evidence of a pharmacokinetic interaction. However, patients on concomitant digoxin treatment should be closely monitored.


Concomitant administration of cimetidine 400 mg BD does not cause significant changes in the plasma levels of lercanidipine: AUC and Cmax were increased by a mean of 11%. However, at higher doses caution is required since the bioavailability and the hypotensive effect of lercanidipine may be increased.


Coadministration of a 20 mg dose of lercanidipine with 40 mg simvastatin resulted in no increase in the bioavailability of lercanidipine, however a 56% increase was observed for simvastatin and a 28% increase for its active metabolite β-hydroxyacid. It is unlikely that these changes are clinically relevant. However, it is recommended that when required lercanidipine be administered in the morning and simvastatin in the evening.


See Pharmacokinetics.
The metabolism of dihydropyridines can be inhibited by grapefruit juice, leading to increased plasma concentration and hypotensive effect.
Alcohol should be avoided while taking lercanidipine since it may potentiate the effect of vasodilating antihypertensive drugs.

Adverse Effects

Treatment with lercanidipine is generally well tolerated. In nine placebo controlled clinical trials with a treatment duration lasting at least 4 weeks, 582 patients were initially treated with lercanidipine, and 292 patients received placebo. Most of the events reported in the studies were related to the vasodilatory effects of lercanidipine, and were classified mild-moderate in severity.
Table 1 lists, according to organ system, adverse events that were reported in placebo controlled trials in hypertensive patients with lercanidipine tablets at an incidence greater than or equal to 1% in at least one of the active treatment groups.
More extensively, over 15,500 patients were treated with lercanidipine in clinical trials (including PMS studies) with doses from 2.5 mg daily up to 40 mg daily, and with treatment duration ranging from single dose up to more than 1 year. Adverse experiences which were not clearly drug related and which occurred in < 1% but ≥ 0.1% of patients are summarized according to organ system.


Palpitations/ tachycardia.

Central and peripheral nervous system.

Dizziness, vertigo.


Nausea, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, diarrhoea.




Flushing, asthenia (including fatigue and muscle weakness).
The following events have been rarely reported.


Hypotension, orthostatic hypotension, periorbital oedema, anginal pain, myocardial infarction, cardiac failure.



Central and peripheral nervous system.

Migraine, paraesthesia, cramps legs.

Special senses.

Taste alteration.


Vomiting, GI disorder NOS.

Liver and biliary system.

GGT increased.


Polyuria, urinary frequency, impotence.



Skin and appendages.

Rash, pruritus, allergic dermatitis, hives, sweating increased.


Anxiety, insomnia.




Chest pain, malaise.
Serious adverse events have been reported in clinical trials in less than 0.002% of the patients. The remaining adverse events have been reported as mild to moderate in intensity.

Other adverse effects.


Cloudy peritoneal effluent (in patients on peritoneal dialysis).

Dosage and Administration

The recommended dose is 10 mg once daily, at least 15 minutes before a meal. The dose may be increased to 20 mg once daily depending on the individual response. Dose titration should be gradual, as it may take about 2 weeks for the maximal antihypertensive effect to be apparent. Titration may proceed more rapidly, however, if clinically warranted, provided the patient is assessed frequently. Since it is unlikely that increasing the dose beyond 20 mg will further improve the efficacy, and may be associated with side effects, doses above 20 mg are not recommended. Some individuals not adequately controlled on a single antihypertensive agent may benefit from the addition of lercanidipine at the same doses used in monotherapy to the existing regimen with a beta-blocker, a diuretic or an ACE inhibitor.

Use in elderly, children, hepatic and renal impairment.

See Precautions.


There is limited experience with lercanidipine overdosage.


As with other dihydropyridines, overdosage might be expected to cause excessive peripheral vasodilation with marked hypotension and reflex tachycardia.


In case of severe hypotension, bradycardia and unconsciousness, cardiovascular and respiratory monitoring will be required, and supportive treatment may be necessary. Since lercanidipine is highly lipophilic, dialysis is unlikely to be effective.
For information on the management of overdose, contact the Poison Information Centre on 131 126 (Australia).


Tablet (round, biconvex, film coated, marked APO on one side, scored on reverse), 10 mg (yellow, AUST R 163767); 20 mg (pink, AUST R 163766): 28's (PVC/PE/PVDC/aluminium blister packs).


Store below 30°C.

Poison Schedule