Consumer medicine information

Hydrozole Cream 30g

CMI for Hydrozole Cream: 30g

Hydrocortisone; Clotrimazole

BRAND INFORMATION

Brand name

Hydrozole Cream

Active ingredient

Hydrocortisone; Clotrimazole

Schedule

S4 | S3

 

Consumer medicine information (CMI) leaflet

Please read this leaflet carefully before you start using Hydrozole Cream 30g.

What is in this leaflet?

This leaflet answers some common questions about Hydrozole Cream. It does not contain all the available information.

It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

All medicines have benefits and risks. Your doctor or pharmacist has weighed the benefits of you using Hydrozole Cream against the risks they expect it may have for you.

If you have any concerns about this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Keep this leaflet with your medicine. You may need to read it again.

What is Hydrozole Cream and what is it used for?

Hydrozole Cream contains hydrocortisone (it belongs to the group of medicines called corticosteroids) and clotrimazole (it belongs to a group of medicines called antifungals).

Hydrozole Cream is used on the skin to relieve the redness, swelling, itching and discomfort of many skin problems such as:

  • Nappy Rash.
  • Candidal infections (a yeast-like micro-organism) where there is also inflammation on the skin.
  • Fungal-infected dermatitis.
  • Tinea infections such as jock itch and athlete's foot.

Hydrozole Cream should only be used in children under 2 years of age (for example nappy rash) if a doctor has told you to.

Your doctor or pharmacist may have recommended Hydrozole Cream for another purpose. Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions about why Hydrozole Cream has been recommended for you.

Hydrozole Cream is not addictive.

Hydrozole Cream is only available from your pharmacist.

Before you use Hydrozole Cream

When you must not use it

Do not use Hydrozole Cream if you have an allergy to:

  • any medicine containing hydrocortisone or clotrimazole.
  • any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet.
  • any other similar medicines (such as medicines of the same class).

Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:

  • shortness of breath
  • wheezing or difficulty breathing
  • swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body
  • rash, itching or hives on the skin

Do not use Hydrozole Cream if you have:

  • a viral skin infection (such as cold sores, shingles or chicken pox).
  • bacterial skin infection such as school sores.
  • problems with your circulation.
  • pruritis (itching skin) without any inflammation or redness.
  • rosacea (skin condition of the face where the nose and cheeks are unusually red).
  • acne.
  • problems with your circulation.
  • any other serious infections of the skin.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to be sure you do not have any of these conditions.

Do not use Hydrozole Cream after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering. If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

Do not use Hydrozole Cream just before having a bath, shower or going swimming. If you do, you may reduce the effectiveness of Hydrozole Cream.

If you are not sure whether you should start Hydrozole Cream, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

Before you start to use it

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if:

  • you have any allergies to any other medicines or any other substances, such as foods, preservatives or dyes.
  • you are taking any medication containing corticosteroids for other conditions (e.g. asthma, arthritis, organ transplants).
  • you have a serious illness affecting your immune system.
  • you are pregnant or intend to become pregnant.
    Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of using Hydrozole Cream when pregnant.
  • you are breast-feeding or intend to breast-feed.
    Your doctor will discuss the risks and benefits of using Hydrozole Cream when breast-feeding.
    Do not apply Hydrozole Cream to the breasts before breast-feeding.
  • you have had or have any other medical conditions, including receiving a transplanted organ or HIV.

If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell him before you use Hydrozole Cream.

Using other medicines

Tell your doctor if you are using other creams, ointments or lotions or taking any other medicine. This includes any that you buy without a prescription from a pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines and Hydrozole Cream may interfere with each other.

These include:

  • Asthma medication.
  • Medication for arthritis.
  • Medication for a recent organ transplant you have received.
  • Medication for the treatment of HIV.

These medicines may be affected by Hydrozole Cream or affect how well Hydrozole Cream works. You may need to use different amounts of your medicine, or you may need to use different medicines. Your doctor or pharmacist will advise you.

Your doctor or pharmacist may have more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while using Hydrozole Cream.

How to use Hydrozole Cream

Hydrozole Cream is for external use only.

Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully. These directions may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

If you do not understand the instructions on the box, tube or this leaflet, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.

Gently rub a small quantity of Hydrozole Cream into the affected area two times daily for up to 7 days.

Apply enough cream to disappear into the skin without leaving any on the skin.

Wash your hands after use, unless you are treating the hands.

If the location of the skin condition is in an area normally covered with clothing, you should ensure that loose clothing is worn over the affected area to be treated.

It is important to use Hydrozole Cream exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has told you. If you use it less often than you should, it may not work as well and your skin problem may not improve. Using it more often than you should may not improve your skin problem any faster and may cause or increase side effects.

Use Hydrozole Cream at the same time every day.

How long should you use it for

You should use Hydrozole Cream for as long as your doctor or pharmacist tells you to. The usual treatment is up to 7 days. If you use Hydrozole Cream for longer than your doctor or pharmacist tells you, the chance of side effects may increase.

You should apply a cream containing a single anti-fungal agent for an extra two weeks after the inflammation has subsided. You must do this otherwise there might be a chance of the condition returning.

If you are not sure of how long you need to use Hydrozole Cream, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

If you forget to use it

If it is almost time for your next application of Hydrozole Cream, skip the application you missed and apply the cream when you are next meant to. Otherwise, use it as soon as you remember, and then go back to using your cream as you would normally.

Do not use a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed.

If you have trouble remembering to use your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.

If you swallow it

Immediately telephone your doctor or Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26), or go to casualty at your nearest hospital if you think that you, or anyone else may have swallowed Hydrozole Cream. Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention. Keep this telephone number handy.

While you are using Hydrozole Cream

Things you must do

Tell your doctor(s) or pharmacist(s) who is treating you that you are using Hydrozole Cream.

If you feel that Hydrozole Cream is not helping your condition, tell your doctor or pharmacist.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if for any reason, you have not used Hydrozole Cream exactly as prescribed. Otherwise, your doctor or pharmacist may think that it was not effective and change your treatment unnecessarily.

If you become pregnant while using Hydrozole Cream, tell your doctor or pharmacist.

Things you must not do

Do not use Hydrozole Cream:

  • under air tight or water-proof dressings or on large areas of skin unless your doctor has told you to.
  • in the eyes.
  • to treat other complaints unless your doctor or pharmacist tells you to.
  • for acne.
  • on children under 2 years of age unless a doctor has told you to.
  • for more than 7 days unless a doctor has told you to.
  • in large amounts for a long time.
    If you use large amounts for a long time, the chance of absorption through the skin and the chance of side effects may increase. Ask your doctor if you are concerned about the length of time you have been using Hydrozole Cream.
  • on skin areas that rub together such as under the arm or in the groin area unless your doctor tells you to.

Do not wear tight fitting clothing in the area being treated with Hydrozole Cream.

Do not give Hydrozole Cream to anyone else, even if they have the same symptoms as yours.

Do not dilute Hydrozole Cream.

Things to be careful of

The ingredients in Hydrozole cream may affect the latex used in barrier contraceptives such as condoms and diaphragms. You may need to use other methods of contraception whilst using this medicine and for at least 5 days after last using the cream.

If you experience blurred vision or other visual disturbances, speak to your doctor.

Take care when applying Hydrozole Cream to the eyelids to make sure it does not get into your eye. If you accidently get Hydrozole Cream in your eyes, wash them well with water.

Side effects

Tell your doctor if you do not feel well while you are using Hydrozole Cream.

Hydrozole Cream helps most people with skin problems but it may have unwanted side effects in a few people.

All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need medical treatment if you get some of these side effects.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following side effects near or on the area you apply Hydrozole Cream and they worry you.

Do not be alarmed by the list of side effects, which follows; you may not experience any of them.

  • Drying, cracking, blistering, peeling, thinning, tightening or redness of the skin.
  • Burning or stinging feeling on the skin.
  • Bruising of the skin.
  • Acne-type lumps on the skin.
  • Itching or irritation of skin.
  • Changes to the colour of your skin.
  • Rash or blisters.
  • Skin condition getting worse.
  • Other obvious unexpected changes to the skin area treated.

These side effects are usually mild.

Tell your doctor immediately or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital if you notice any of the following:

  • if your skin condition gets worse or your skin becomes swollen during treatment, you may be allergic to the medicine, have an infection or need other treatment.
  • wheezing, swelling of the lips/mouth, difficulty in breathing, hayfever, lumpy rash (hives) or fainting. These could be a symptom of an allergic reaction.

The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation.

Very rare side effects that may show up in blood tests or when your doctor gives you a medical examination:

  • a decrease in the level of the hormone cortisol in your blood
  • increased levels of sugar in your blood or urine
  • high blood pressure
  • cloudy lens in the eye (cataract)
  • increased pressure in the eye (glaucoma)
  • weakening of the bones through gradual loss of mineral (osteoporosis) - additional tests may be needed after your medical examination to confirm if you have this condition.

Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some patients. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you don't understand anything in this list.

After using Hydrozole Cream

Storage

Keep Hydrozole Cream in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.

Do not store Hydrozole Cream or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink.

Do not leave it in the car or on windowsills. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Do not refrigerate Hydrozole Cream.

Keep Hydrozole Cream where young children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one and a half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Disposal

If your doctor or pharmacist tells you to stop using Hydrozole Cream or it has passed its expiry date, ask your pharmacist what to do with any that is left over.

Product Description

What it looks like

Hydrozole Cream is a smooth, non-greasy white cream, which is available in a 30 gram tube in a carton.

Ingredients

The active ingredients in Hydrozole Cream are hydrocortisone 1% and clotrimazole 1%.

Hydrozole Cream also contains the following inactive ingredients:

  • cetomacrogol 1000
  • glycerol
  • cetostearyl alcohol
  • light liquid paraffin
  • white soft paraffin
  • propylene glycol
  • chlorocresol 0.2% (as a preservative)
  • purified water
  • sodium hydroxide
  • lactic acid

Hydrozole Cream does not contain lanolin, paraben preservatives or fragrances and washes off with water.

Supplier

Hydrozole Cream is supplied in Australia by:

GlaxoSmithKline Australia Pty Ltd
Consumer Healthcare Division
82 Hughes Ave,
Ermington,
NSW 2115 Australia

Australian Registration Number: AUST R 10319

Date of preparation: June 2018

HYDROZOLE is a registered trade mark of Stiefel Laboratories, Inc.

Version 5.0

Published by MIMS October 2018

BRAND INFORMATION

Brand name

Hydrozole Cream

Active ingredient

Hydrocortisone; Clotrimazole

Schedule

S4 | S3

 

Name of the medicine

Hydrocortisone (microfine) 1% w/w, clotrimazole 1% w/w.

Excipients.

Cetomacrogol 1000, glycerol, cetostearyl alcohol, light liquid paraffin, white soft paraffin, propylene glycol, purified water, chlorocresol 0.2% as a preservative. The cream (nonionic) is lanolin free and does not contain paraben preservatives.

Description

Hydrocortisone.

Chemical name: 11β, 17α, 21-trihydroxypregn-4-ene-3,20-dione. Molecular formula: C21H30O5. MW: 362.5. CAS: 50-23-7. Hydrocortisone is an odourless, white or almost white crystalline powder. It is practically insoluble in water, sparingly soluble in acetone and in alcohol, slightly soluble in methylene chloride, very slightly soluble in ether.

Clotrimazole.

Chemical name: 1-(o-chloro-αα-diphenylbenzyl) imidazole. Molecular formula: C22H17ClN2. MW: 344.84. CAS: 23593-75-1. Melting point: 141 to 145°C. It is a colourless, crystalline, weakly alkaline substance, soluble in acetone, chloroform and ethanol and practically insoluble in water. It forms stable salts with both organic and inorganic acids. It is not photosensitive but is slightly hygroscopic, and may be hydrolysed in acid media.
Topical corticosteroid/ antifungal. On topical application, corticosteroids (hydrocortisone) produce anti-inflammatory, antipruritic and vasoconstrictor actions. The activity of the drugs is thought to result at least in part from binding with a steroid receptor. Clotrimazole is a broad spectrum antifungal agent that is used for the treatment of dermal infections caused by various species of pathogenic dermatophytes, yeast and Pityrosporum orbiculare. The antifungal action appears to be on the cell membrane of the fungi, damaging the permeability barrier.

Pharmacology

Hydrocortisone.

Corticosteroid, which in general, decreases inflammation by stabilising leucocyte lysosomal membranes; preventing the release of the destructive contents from leucocytes; inhibiting macrophage accumulation in inflamed areas; reducing leucocyte adhesion to the capillary endothelium; reducing capillary wall permeability and oedema formation; decreasing complement components; antagonising histamine activity and release of kinin from substrates; reducing fibroblast proliferation, collagen deposition, and subsequent scar tissue formation; and possibly by other mechanisms as yet unknown.

Clotrimazole.

Synthetic imidazole derivative with broad spectrum antifungal activity and some antibacterial activity. It exerts its antifungal activity by altering cell membrane permeability by interfering with ergosterol synthesis. The cell membrane is unable to function as a selective barrier, and potassium and other cellular constituents are lost.
Clotrimazole is effective against a wide variety of fungi, including yeasts and dermatophytes. In vitro, clotrimazole concentrations of 1 microgram/mL or less inhibit most strains of Trichophyton rubrum, T. mentagrophytes, Epidermophyton floccosum and Microsporum canis. At a concentration of 3 microgram/mL or less, clotrimazole inhibits most other susceptible organisms including Pityrosporum orbiculare, Aspergillus fumigatus, Candida albicans, some strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pyogenes and a few strains of Proteus vulgaris and Salmonella.

Pharmacokinetics.

Hydrocortisone.

The rate and extent of hydrocortisone absorption through the skin varies among individual patients. Following topical application of a corticosteroid to most areas of normal skin, only minimal amounts of the lipophilic drug partitions into the predominantly aqueous dermoepidermal layer (visible epidermis and dermis) and subsequently into the systemic circulation.
Absorption is, however, markedly increased when the skin has lost its keratin layer or the rate limiting properties of the stratum corneum. Physical disruption of the stratum corneum, inflammation and/or disease to the epidermal barrier (e.g. psoriases, eczema) may result in increased absorption. Hydrocortisone is absorbed to a greater degree from the skin of the ear region (around and behind), scrotum, axilla, eyelid, face and scalp than from the skin of the forearm, knee, elbow, palm and sole. Prolonged absorption persists even after the area of application has been washed, possibly because the drug is retained in the stratum corneum and/or the dermoepidermal layer.
Hydrocortisone is metabolised by the liver and most other tissues to hydrogenated and degraded forms such as tetrahydrocortisone and tetrahydrocortisol. These are excreted in urine mainly conjugated as glucoronides, together with a very small proportion of unchanged hydrocortisone.
Children are at a greater risk of systemic absorption of topical steroids due to higher permeation properties of the skin and increased surface area to body mass ratio.

Clotrimazole.

Following topical application to the skin, only very small amounts of clotrimazole appear to be absorbed systemically. Six hours after the topical application of labelled clotrimazole, the concentration of clotrimazole ranged from 100 microgram/cm3 in the stratum corneum to 0.05 to 1 microgram/cm3 in the stratum reticulare and 0.1 microgram/cm3 in the subcutis. No measurable radioactivity was found in the serum within 48 hours after application of 0.8 g of a 1% cream.
Studies of urinary excretion have shown that less than 0.5% of dermally applied clotrimazole appears in the urine over a five day period of observation. Faecal excretion, the route by which most of the absorbed drug is likely to be eliminated, has not been studied in humans.

Indications

For dermatophyte and yeast infections of the skin when inflammation is prominent. This includes conditions such as fungal infected dermatitis, intertrigo and Candida nappy rash.

Contraindications

Hydrozole cream is contraindicated for use:
in patients with known history of hypersensitivity to hydrocortisone, clotrimazole or any components of the formulation;
in tuberculous conditions of the skin, acute herpes simplex, vaccinia, varicella and all viral infections;
in primary infected skin lesions caused by infection with fungi or yeasts when inflammation is not prominent;
in primary or secondary infections due to bacteria;
in rosacea;
in acne vulgaris;
in pruritus without inflammation;
in the eyes;
in patients with markedly impaired circulation since skin ulceration has occurred in these patients following the use of corticosteroids;
on occluded areas of skin.

Precautions

For external use only.

Reversible hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis suppression.

Manifestations of hypercortisolism (Cushing's syndrome) and reversible hypothalamic pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis suppression can occur in some individuals as a result of increased systemic absorption of topical corticosteroids. There may be a need for periodic evaluation for hypothalamo pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis suppression by using the urinary free cortisol test or the corticotrophin stimulation test. If either of the above are observed, withdraw the drug gradually by reducing the frequency of application, or by substituting a less potent corticosteroid. Abrupt withdrawal of treatment may result in glucocorticosteroid insufficiency (see Adverse Effects).
Risk factors for increased corticosteroidal systemic effects are: potency and formulation of topical steroid;
Duration of exposure;
Application to a large surface area;
Use on occluded areas of skin, e.g. on intertriginous areas or under occlusive dressings (in infants the nappy may act as an occlusive dressing);
Increasing hydration of the stratum corneum;
Use on thin skin areas such as the face;
Use on broken skin or other conditions where the skin barrier may be impaired.

Visual disturbance.

Visual disturbance may be reported with systemic and topical corticosteroid use. If a patient presents with symptoms such as blurred vision or other visual disturbances, the patient should be considered for referral to an ophthalmologist for evaluation of possible causes which may include cataract, glaucoma or rare diseases such as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR) which have been reported after use of systemic and topical corticosteroids.

Infection.

Extension of the infection may occur due to the masking effect of the steroid. Any spread of infection requires withdrawal of topical corticosteroid therapy and administration of appropriate antimicrobial therapy.
The immunosuppressive effects of topical corticosteroids may impair the normal function of T cells and macrophages. The result of such impairment may be the activation of latent infection or exacerbation of intercurrent infections, including those caused by Mycobacterium, Toxoplasma, Strongyloides, Pneumocystis, Cryptococcus, Nocardia and amoeba. Therefore topical corticosteroids should be used with caution in patients with impaired T cell function or in those patients receiving other immunosuppressive therapy.

Application to the face.

Prolonged application to the face is undesirable as this area is more susceptible to atrophic changes.

Application to the eyelids.

If applied to the eyelids, care is needed to ensure that the preparation does not enter the eye, as cataracts and glaucoma might result from repeated exposure.

Chronic leg ulcers.

Topical corticosteroids are sometimes used to treat the dermatitis around chronic leg ulcers. However, this use may be associated with a higher occurrence of local hypersensitivity reactions and an increased risk of local infection.

Local hypersensitivity.

Local hypersensitivity reactions may resemble symptoms of the condition under treatment (see Adverse Effects). If signs of hypersensitivity appear, application should be stopped and alternative therapy instituted.

Dilution.

Products which contain antimicrobial agents should not be diluted.

Contraceptives.

This product may cause damage to latex contraceptives. Consequently the effectiveness of such contraceptives may be reduced. Patients should be advised to use alternative precautions during treatment and for at least five days after cessation of treatment.

Psoriasis.

Topical corticosteroids should be used with caution in the management of psoriasis, as exacerbation of the disease or pustular psoriasis may occur during or on withdrawal of topical corticosteroid therapy.

Renal/ hepatic impairment.

The minimum quantity should be used for the shortest duration to achieve the desired clinical benefit.

Use in pregnancy.

(Category A)
Topical administration of corticosteroids to pregnant animals can cause abnormalities of foetal development. The relevance of this finding to human beings has not been established.
Well conducted epidemiological studies have not identified adverse events of clotrimazole on pregnancy or on the health of the foetus.
Administration of hydrocortisone with clotrimazole during pregnancy should only be considered if the expected benefit to the mother outweighs the risk to the foetus. Hydrozole should not be used on extensive areas in pregnant women. The minimum quantity should be used for the minimum duration.

Use in lactation.

It is not known whether topical administration of hydrocortisone with clotrimazole could result in sufficient systemic absorption to produce detectable amounts in breast milk. However, systemic corticosteroids are distributed into breast milk.
Administration of Hydrozole during lactation should only be considered if the expected benefit to the mother outweighs the risk to the infant.
If used during lactation, Hydrozole should not be applied to the breasts to avoid accidental ingestion by the infant.

Paediatric use.

Hydrocortisone.

In comparison with adults, children and infants may absorb proportionally larger amounts of topical corticosteroids and thus be more susceptible to systemic adverse effects. This is because children have an immature skin barrier and a greater surface area to body weight ratio compared with adults. Care should be taken when using hydrocortisone with clotrimazole to ensure the amount applied is the minimum that provides therapeutic benefit.
In infants and children under 12 years of age, long-term continuous topical corticosteroid therapy should be avoided where possible, as adrenal suppression can occur.
HPA axis suppression, Cushing's syndrome and intracranial hypertension have occurred in children receiving topical corticosteroid. Manifestations of adrenal suppression in children include retardation of linear growth, delayed weight gain, low plasma cortisol concentrations and lack of response to corticotrophin stimulation (see Pharmacokinetics). Manifestations of intracranial hypertension include bulging fontanelles, headache, and bilateral papilloedema. Parents should be advised not to use tight fitting nappies or plastic pants on a child being treated in the area of the nappy, since such garments may constitute occlusive dressings.

Clotrimazole.

Safety and effectiveness in children have been established for clotrimazole when used as recommended for approved indications.

Use in the elderly.

The minimum quantity should be used for the shortest duration to achieve the desired clinical benefit.

Adverse Effects

Although adverse reactions are not ordinarily encountered with the topical application of hydrocortisone or clotrimazole, as with all drugs patients may react adversely to either one or both of these agents when applied topically as a combination.
Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are listed below by MedDRA system organ class and by frequency. Frequencies are defined as: very common (≥ 1/10), common (≥ 1/100 and < 1/10), uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 and < 1/100), rare (≥ 1/10,000 and < 1/1,000) and very rare (< 1/10,000), including isolated reports.

Post-marketing data.

Immune system disorders.

Very rare: Hypersensitivity.

Endocrine disorders.

Very rare: Hypothalamic-pituitary adrenal (HPA) axis suppression: Cushingoid features (e.g. moon face, central obesity), delayed weight gain/growth retardation in children, osteoporosis, glaucoma, hyperglycaemia/glucosuria, cataract, hypertension, increased weight/obesity, decreased endogenous cortisol levels, steroid withdrawal syndrome.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders.

Not known: Allergic contact dermatitis/dermatitis, urticaria, skin atrophy, pigmentation changes, exacerbation of underlying symptoms, skin burning/skin pain, hypertrichosis, rash, pruritus, erythema, dry skin, skin striae, blisters, skin exfoliation, irritation, skin oedema, hyperaesthesia, skin cracking, thinning and tightening, rosacea, telangiectasia, increased fragility of cutaneous blood vessels, foliculitis, acne eruption, perioral dermatitis, maceration, miliaria, purpura.

Eye disorders.

Not known: Vision blurred.

General disorders and administration site conditions.

Very rare: Application site irritation/pain.
Adverse dermatological effects usually improve when treatment is discontinued but may persist for long periods, atrophic striae may be permanent. Adverse dermatological effects are most likely to occur in intertriginous and facial areas.

Dosage and Administration

For topical use only.
The cream should be applied on clean dry areas of affected skin.
Apply thinly and gently rub in using only enough to cover the entire affected area twice a day for up to seven days. Regular application is essential for successful treatment, whether or not a cure is confirmed mycologically.
If an emollient is being used, allow adequate time for absorption after each application before applying the emollient.
Patients should be advised to wash their hands after applying Hydrozole cream, unless it is the hands that are being treated.
Treatment should not be continued for more than seven days without medical supervision. If the condition worsens or does not improve within seven days, treatment and diagnosis should be re-evaluated.
To prevent relapse of fungal infection, all possibly infected areas should be treated at the same time and treatment with an appropriate topical antifungal should be continued for at least two weeks after disappearance of all signs of infection.
Rebound of pre-existing dermatoses can occur with abrupt discontinuation of topical corticosteroids. If an affected dermatitis requires further treatment to achieve control of the pre-existing dermatoses, once the fungal infection is treated, it may be necessary to continue therapy with another corticosteroid preparation not containing clotrimazole.

Note.

Nonocclusive loose clothing should be worn during treatment of any affected area normally covered by clothing.

Children.

Children are more likely to develop local and systemic side effects of topical corticosteroids and in general, require shorter courses of treatment than adults (see Precautions).
Care should be taken when using hydrocortisone with clotrimazole to ensure the amount applied is the minimum that provides therapeutic benefit.

Elderly.

The minimum quantity should be used for the shortest duration to achieve the desired clinical benefit.

Renal/ hepatic impairment.

The minimum quantity should be used for the shortest duration to achieve the desired clinical benefit.

Overdosage

Symptoms and signs.

Topically applied hydrocortisone with clotrimazole may be absorbed in sufficient amounts to produce systemic effects. Acute overdosage is very unlikely to occur, however, in the case of chronic overdosage or misuse the features of hypercortisolism may occur (see Precautions, Adverse Effects). Dizziness, nausea and vomiting may be seen.

Treatment.

In the event of chronic overdosage or misuse, topical corticosteroids should be withdrawn gradually by reducing the frequency of application because of the risk of adrenal insufficiency.
Further management should be as clinically indicated or as recommended by the Poisons Information Centre (telephone 13 11 26).

Presentation

Hydrozole cream contains hydrocortisone 1% w/w and clotrimazole 1% w/w. The product is presented in tubes of 2 g and 5 g (samples), 30 g and 50 g.
Not all pack sizes may be distributed in Australia.

Storage

Store below 25°C.

Poison Schedule

2 g, 5 g, 30 g: S3; 50 g: S4.