Consumer medicine information

Metoprolol Sandoz

Metoprolol tartrate


Brand name

Metoprolol Sandoz

Active ingredient

Metoprolol tartrate




Consumer medicine information (CMI) leaflet

Please read this leaflet carefully before you start using Metoprolol Sandoz.


This leaflet answers some common questions about Metoprolol Sandoz.

It does not contain all the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

All medicines have risks and benefits. Your doctor has weighed the risk of you taking this medicine against the benefits they expect it will have for you.

If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.


This medicine is used to treat:

  • high blood pressure (hypertension).
  • heart attack (myocardial infarction).
  • prevent severe chest pain (angina pectoris).
  • migraine.

It contains the active ingredient metoprolol tartrate.

Metoprolol Sandoz belongs to a group of medicines called beta-blockers.

It works by affecting the body's response to some nerve impulses, especially in the heart. As a result, it decreases the heart's need for blood and oxygen and therefore reduces the amount of work the heart has to do. It also widens the blood vessels in the body, causing blood pressure to fall.

Ask your doctor if you have any questions about why this medicine has been prescribed for you. Your doctor may have prescribed it for another reason.

There is no evidence that Metoprolol Sandoz is addictive.

This medicine is available only with a doctor's prescription.

There is not enough information to recommend the use of this medicine for children.


When you must not take it

Do not take this medicine if you have an allergy to:

  • metoprolol tartrate, the active ingredient, or to any of the other ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet under Product Description
  • any other similar medicines such as other 'beta-blockers'.

Some of the symptoms of an allergic reaction may include:

  • shortness of breath
  • wheezing or difficulty breathing
  • swelling of the face, lips, tongue or other parts of the body
  • rash, itching or hives on the skin.

Do not take this medicine if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:

  • asthma, difficulty breathing or other lung problems, or have had them in the past
  • a history of allergic problems, e.g. hay fever
  • low blood pressure
  • a very slow heart beat (less than 45-50 beats/minute)
  • sudden and oppressive chest pain, sign of heart attack
  • irregular heart beat
  • heart failure, heart disorders or other heart conditions
  • a severe blood vessel disorder causing poor circulation in the arms and legs
  • severe drop in blood pressure, dizziness, fast heart beat, rapid and shallow breathing, cold clammy skin
  • sudden loss of consciousness sometimes
  • phaeochromocytoma (a rare tumour of the adrenal gland) which is not already being treated with other medicines
  • swollen ankles and/or tiredness due to heart disease or certain other heart conditions.
  • poor blood circulation in your limbs (for example, very cold, pale hands or feet, or pain in your leg muscles when you walk)
  • an operation where an anaesthetic is used during treatment
  • respiratory diseases such as asthma
  • oculomucocutaneous syndrome (signs include severe conjunctivitis and skin rash and ear infection).

Do not take this medicine after the expiry date printed on the pack or if the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering. If it has expired or is damaged, return it to your pharmacist for disposal.

Do not give Metoprolol Sandoz to children. The safety and effectiveness of Metoprolol Sandoz has not been established.

If you are not sure whether you should start taking this medicine, talk to your doctor.

Before you start to take it

Tell your doctor if you have allergies to any other medicines, foods, preservatives or dyes. Your doctor will want to know if you are prone to allergies. Beta-blocker medicines can make allergic reaction worse.

Tell your doctor if you have or have had any of the following medical conditions:

  • any other heart problems
  • chest pain when you are at rest, or certain types of angina, such as Prinzmetal angina or variant angina
  • diabetes
  • kidney or liver problems
  • an overactive thyroid gland

Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. Metoprolol Sandoz should not be used throughout pregnancy, especially during the first 3 months of pregnancy, unless clearly necessary. Metoprolol Sandoz may affect your baby, especially if you take it in the last few days before your baby is born. Your doctor can discuss with you the risks and benefits involved.

Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding or intend to breast-feed. The active ingredient in Metoprolol Sandoz passes into breast milk and there is a possibility that your baby could be affected.

If you have not told your doctor about any of the above, tell him/her before you start taking Metoprolol Sandoz.

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor if you are taking any other medicines, including any that you get without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines and Metoprolol Sandoz may interfere with each other. These include:

  • other beta-blocker medicines, including beta-blocker eye drops
  • calcium channel blockers or calcium antagonists, used to treat high blood pressure and angina, for example verapamil, diltiazem and nifedipine
  • some medicines used to treat angina
  • adrenaline or similar substances, which are often found in eye or nose drops, or in cough and cold medicines
  • certain medicines used to treat abnormal or irregular heart beat, for example disopyramide and quinidine
  • clonidine, used to treat high blood pressure
  • insulin and tablets used to treat diabetes
  • quanethidine, a medicine used to treat certain heart conditions
  • monoamine-oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), used to treat depression
  • cimetidine, used to treat stomach ulcers or reflux
  • certain medicines, including non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as COX-2 inhibitors, used to relieve pain, swelling and other symptoms of inflammation and arthritis
  • warfarin, a medicine used to prevent blood clots
  • certain anaesthetics used during surgery
  • rifampicin, used to treat tuberculosis
  • ritonavir, an antiviral medicine
  • diphenhydramine, an antihistamine
  • terbinafine, used to treat fungal infections
  • SSRIs such as paroxetine, fluoxetine, bupropion and sertraline
  • ergot alkaloids, a class of medicines used in the prevention and treatment of migraine headaches
  • dipyridamole, a medicine use to reduce the risk of blot clots
  • other medicines that may cause a decrease in heart rate (e.g. fingolimod, a medicine used to treat multiple sclerosis)
  • other medicines that may cause a decrease in blood pressure (e.g. aldesleukin, a medicine used to treat kidney cancer).

These medicines may be affected by Metoprolol Sandoz, or may affect how well it works. You may need different amounts of your medicines, or you may need to take different medicines.

Your doctor and pharmacist have more information on medicines to be careful with or avoid while taking this medicine.


Follow all directions given to you by your doctor or pharmacist carefully. They may differ from the information contained in this leaflet.

If you do not understand the instructions, ask your doctor or pharmacist for help.

How much to take

Hypertension (high blood pressure)
The usual dosage is 50 mg to 100 mg either once or twice daily. Your doctor may start you on a low dose and increase it over a period of time.

Angina pectoris (chest pain)
The usual dosage is 50 mg to 100 mg two to three times daily.

Myocardial infarction (heart attack)
Your doctor may start you on 50 mg twice daily for two days and then continue with 100 mg twice daily.

The usual dose is 100 mg to 150 mg each day, divided into two doses (morning and evening)

The daily dosage should not exceed 400 mg.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you are unsure of the correct dose for you. They will tell you exactly how much to take.

Follow the instructions they give you. If you take the wrong dose, Metoprolol Sandoz may not work as well and your problem may not improve.

How to take it

Swallow the tablet with a glass of fluid.

When to take Metoprolol Sandoz

Take your medicine at about the same time each day before or after food. Taking it at the same time each day will have the best effect. It will also help you remember when to take it.

If you need to break Metoprolol Sandoz, place it on a hard surface (e.g. table or benchtop), and snap it along the break line with two fingers.

How long to take Metoprolol Sandoz

Continue taking your medicine for as long as your doctor tells you. This medicine helps to control your condition, but does not cure it. It is important to keep taking your medicine even if you feel well.

If you forget to take it

Take your dose as soon as you remember, and continue to take it as you would normally.

If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to.

Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose you missed. This may increase the chance of you getting an unwanted side effect.

If you are not sure what to do, ask your doctor or pharmacist.

If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.

If you take too much (overdose)

Immediately telephone your doctor or the Poisons Information Centre (telephone Australia 13 11 26 or New Zealand 0800 POISON or 0800 764 766) for advice, or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital, if you think you or anyone else may have taken too much Metoprolol Sandoz.

Do this even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.

Symptoms of an overdose may include feeling sick and vomiting, bluish skin and nails, very low blood pressure, slow heart beat, difficulty breathing, fainting, convulsions (fits) or coma.


Things you must do

  • If you are being treated for diabetes, make sure you check your blood sugar level regularly and report any changes to your doctor. Metoprolol Sandoz may change how well your diabetes is controlled. It may also cover up some of the symptoms of low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia). Metoprolol Sandoz may increase the time your body takes to recover from low blood sugar. Your doses of diabetic medicine, including insulin, may need to change.
  • Tell your doctor immediately if you develop a severe allergic reaction to any food, medicine or insect sting while taking Metoprolol Sandoz.
  • Make sure that you drink enough water during exercise and hot weather when you are taking Metoprolol Sandoz, especially if you sweat a lot. If you do not drink enough water while taking Metoprolol Sandoz, you may feel faint or light-headed or sick. This is because your blood pressure is dropping suddenly. If you continue to feel unwell, tell your doctor.
  • If you feel light-headed, get up slowly when getting out of bed or standing up. You may feel light-headed or dizzy because your blood pressure is falling suddenly. Standing up slowly, especially when you get up from bed or chairs, will help your body get used to the change in position and blood pressure.
  • Elderly patients especially need to be monitored to stop their blood pressure falling too far.

If you are about to be started on any new medicine, remind your doctor and pharmacist that you are taking Metoprolol Sandoz.

Tell any other doctors, dentists, and pharmacists who treat you that you are taking this medicine.

If you are going to have surgery, tell the surgeon or anaesthetist that you are taking this medicine. It may affect other medicines used during surgery.

If you become pregnant while taking this medicine, tell your doctor immediately.

If you are about to have any blood tests, tell your doctor that you are taking this medicine. It may interfere with the results of some tests.

Things you must not do

Do not take Metoprolol Sandoz to treat any other complaints unless your doctor tells you to.

Do not give your medicine to anyone else, even if they have the same condition as you.

Do not stop taking your medicine or lower the dosage without checking with your doctor.

Do not stop taking this medicine suddenly. By stopping suddenly, your angina may worsen or other heart complications may occur. Your doctor may want you to gradually reduce the amount of Metoprolol Sandoz you are taking before stopping completely.

Things to be careful of

Be careful driving or operating machinery until you know how Metoprolol Sandoz affects you. This medicine may cause dizziness, headaches, and tiredness in some people. If you have any of these symptoms, do not drive, operate machinery or do anything else that could be dangerous.

Be careful when drinking alcohol while you are taking this medicine. If you drink alcohol, dizziness or light headedness may be worse.

Dress warmly during the cold weather. You may feel colder, especially if you will be outside for a long time (for example when playing winter sports). Metoprolol Sandoz, like other beta-blocker medicines, may make you more sensitive to cold temperatures, especially if you have circulation problems.


Tell your doctor or pharmacist as soon as possible if you do not feel well while you are taking Metoprolol Sandoz.

All medicines can have side effects. Sometimes they are serious, most of the time they are not. You may need urgent medical attention if you get some side effects.

Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any of them.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist to answer any questions you may have.

Tell your doctor if you notice any of the following and they worry you:

  • tiredness, drowsiness, headache, weakness, or lack of energy
  • aches and pains, painful joints
  • nausea, vomiting
  • muscle cramps and weakness
  • stomach upset, diarrhoea or constipation, weight gain
  • dry mouth, changes in taste sensation
  • difficulty sleeping, nightmares
  • depression or mood changes
  • confusion, short-term memory loss, inability to concentrate
  • increased sweating, runny or blocked nose
  • numbness, tingling in the extremities
  • hair loss.

These are mild side effects of the medicine.

Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:

  • dizziness, light headedness (sometimes with fainting) especially on standing up, which may be due to low blood pressure
  • skin reactions (e.g. rash, itching, worsening of psoriasis)
  • irritated eyes (red, runny, itchy or dry), visual disturbances (e.g. blurred vision)
  • numbness in the arms and legs
  • buzzing and ringing in the ears, difficulty hearing
  • tingling or "pins and needles"
  • sunburn happening more quickly than usual
  • abnormal thinking or hallucinations
  • constant "flu-like" symptoms with tiredness or lack of energy
  • sexual problems
  • breathlessness, difficulty breathing when lying down.
  • abnormal triglycerides or cholesterol values, or liver function tests
  • sleepiness during the day or troubled sleep
  • coldness, burning, numbness or pain in arms and legs
  • pain behind the breastbone (different from angina)
  • constant "flu-like" symptoms (chills, fever, sore throat, aching joints, swollen glands, tiredness or lack of energy)
  • increased sweating
  • hair thinning
  • confusion or loss of memory
  • unusual bleeding or bruising

The above list includes serious side effects that may require medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.

If any of the following happen, stop taking Metoprolol Sandoz, and tell your doctor immediately, or go to Accident and Emergency at your nearest hospital:

  • swelling of the face, lips, mouth or throat, which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing
  • shortness of breath, sometimes with tiredness and reduced ability to exercise, and swelling of the feet or legs due to fluid build up
  • chest pain, chest tightness, changes in heart rate or palpitations
  • yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), generally feeling unwell.

The above list includes very serious side effects. You may need urgent medical attention or hospitalisation. All of these side effects are very rare.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything else that is making you feel unwell. Other side effects not listed above may also occur in some people.



Keep Metoprolol Sandoz in the original container.

If you take it out of its original container it may not keep well.

Keep your medicine in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C and away from direct sunlight.

Do not store Metoprolol Sandoz or any other medicine in the bathroom or near a sink. Do not leave it on a window sill or in the car. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Keep it where children cannot reach it. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a-half metres above the ground is a good place to store medicines.


If your doctor tells you to stop taking this medicine or the expiry date has passed, ask your pharmacist what to do with any medicine that is left over.


What it looks like

Metoprolol Sandoz 50 mg: white, round tablets, scored on one side. Available in blisters of 100 tablets.

Metoprolol Sandoz 100 mg: white, round tablets, scored on one side. Available in blisters of 60 tablets.


Active ingredients:

  • Metoprolol Sandoz 50 mg - 50 mg metoprolol tartrate
  • Metoprolol Sandoz 100 mg - 100 mg metoprolol tartrate

Inactive ingredients:

  • lactose
  • maize starch
  • microcrystalline cellulose
  • magnesium stearate
  • colloidal anhydrous silica
  • hydroxypropylcellulose
  • calcium hydrogen phosphate
  • crospovidone.

Contains sugar as lactose.


Sandoz Pty Ltd
ABN 60 075 449 553
54 Waterloo Road
Macquarie Park, NSW 2113
Tel: 1800 726 369

Novartis New Zealand Ltd
PO Box 99102
Auckland 1149
New Zealand
Tel: 0800 354 335

This leaflet was revised in June 2020.

Australian Register Numbers

50 mg tablets: AUST R 62560

100 mg tablets: AUST R 62561

Published by MIMS August 2020


Brand name

Metoprolol Sandoz

Active ingredient

Metoprolol tartrate




1 Name of Medicine

Metoprolol tartrate.

2 Qualitative and Quantitative Composition

Each Metoprolol Sandoz 50 mg tablet contains metoprolol tartrate 50 mg.
Each Metoprolol Sandoz 100 mg tablet contains metoprolol tartrate 100 mg.

Excipients with known effect.

Lactose monohydrate.
For the full list of excipients, see Section 6.1 List of Excipients.

3 Pharmaceutical Form

Metoprolol Sandoz 50 mg tablets.

White, round, biconvex, with a score notch on one side.

Metoprolol Sandoz 100 mg tablets.

White, round, biconvex, with a score notch on one side.

4 Clinical Particulars

4.1 Therapeutic Indications

Hypertension; angina pectoris; suspected or definite myocardial infarction; migraine prophylaxis.

4.2 Dose and Method of Administration

Metoprolol Sandoz is recommended for oral therapy in hypertension, angina pectoris, suspected or definite myocardial infarction and migraine prophylaxis.



Mild hypertension: 50 or 100 mg once daily for one week.
Severe hypertension: 50 or 100 mg twice daily for one week.


50 or 100 mg once or twice daily.
Some patients will respond to 50 mg once daily. However, a large number of patients will respond to 100 mg once daily as initial and maintenance therapy. Response is rarely improved by increasing the dose beyond 200 mg daily. The maximum daily dose should not exceed 400 mg. Although twice daily dosage is optimal in patients where maintenance dosage is 150 mg daily or less, it may be administered as a single dose.

Angina pectoris.

50 to 100 mg two or three times daily.

Myocardial infarction.


Therapy should commence with Metoprolol Sandoz 50 mg tablets twice daily and be continued for 48 hours.


The oral maintenance dose is generally 100 mg twice daily.

Migraine prophylaxis.

100 to 150 mg given in divided doses morning and evening.

4.3 Contraindications

Bronchospasm. β-Adrenergic blockade of the smooth muscle of bronchioles may result in an increased airways resistance. These medicines also reduce the effectiveness of asthma treatment. This may be dangerous in susceptible patients.
Therefore, β-blockers are contraindicated in any patient with a history of airways obstruction or a tendency to bronchospasm. Use of cardioselective β-blockers can also result in severe bronchospasm. If such therapy must be used, great caution should be exercised. Alternative therapy should be considered (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use).
Allergic disorders (including allergic rhinitis) which may suggest a predisposition to bronchospasm.
Right ventricular failure secondary to pulmonary hypertension.
Significant right ventricular hypertrophy.
Sinus bradycardia (less than 45 to 50 beats/minute).
Second and third degree atrioventricular block.
Shock (including cardiogenic and hypovolaemic shock).
Hypersensitivity to metoprolol tartrate and related derivatives.
Hypersensitivity to any of the excipients in Metoprolol Sandoz.
Sensitivity to other β-blockers as cross sensitivity between β-blockers can occur.
Non-compensated congestive heart failure (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use).
Sick sinus syndrome.
Severe peripheral arterial circulatory disorders.
Myocardial infarction patients with a heart rate of < 45 beats/minute, a PR interval of > 0.24 seconds, a systolic blood pressure of < 100 mmHg, and/or moderate to severe non-compensated heart failure.
Untreated phaeochromocytoma (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use).
Continuous or intermittent inotropic therapy acting through β-receptor agonism.

4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use

Use with caution in the following circumstances.

Use in special patient groups.

Bronchospastic disease.

In general, patients with bronchospastic disease should not be given beta-blockers of any type (e.g. selective or nonselective), including metoprolol. If such therapy must be used, great caution should be exercised. Alternative therapy should be considered. However, because of its relative cardioselectivity, oral metoprolol may be administered with caution to patients with mild or moderate bronchospastic diseases who do not respond to, or cannot tolerate, other suitable treatments. Since beta1-selectivity is not absolute, a beta2-agonist should be administered concomitantly, and the lowest possible dose of metoprolol should be used.

Cardiac failure.

β-Blockade depresses myocardial contractility and may precipitate cardiac failure in some patients with a history of cardiac failure, chronic myocardial insufficiency, or unsuspected cardiomyopathy. In patients without a history of cardiac failure, continuing depression of the myocardium may lead to cardiac failure. If signs of cardiac failure are present, the patient should be fully digitalised and/or given a diuretic and carefully monitored. If cardiac failure develops, metoprolol should be discontinued gradually (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use, Abrupt withdrawal). β-Blockers should not be used in patients with uncontrolled congestive heart failure; this condition should first be stabilised.
Because of their negative effect on atrioventricular conduction, beta-blockers, including metoprolol, should be given only with caution with first degree atrioventricular block (see Section 4.3 Contraindications).


Although congestive heart failure has been considered to be a contraindication to the use of β-blockers, there is growing literature on the experimental use of β-adrenergic blocking medicines in heart failure. As further trials are needed to identify which patients are most likely to respond to which medicines, β-blockers including metoprolol should not normally be prescribed for heart failure outside specialist centres.

Myocardial infarction.

In patients with myocardial infarction, if significant hypotension occurs, metoprolol should be discontinued, and the hemodynamic status of the patient and the extent of myocardial ischemia carefully assessed. Intensive hemodynamic monitoring may be required and appropriate treatment modalities should be instituted. If hypotension is associated with significant bradycardia or atrioventricular block, treatment should be directed at reversing these.

Prinzmetal angina.

There is a risk of exacerbating the number and duration of coronary artery spasms if patients with Prinzmetal angina or variant angina pectoris are treated with a β-blocker including metoprolol. If this treatment is essential, it should only be undertaken in a coronary or intensive care unit.

Conduction disorders.

Very rarely, a pre-existing A-V conduction disorder of moderate degree may become aggravated (possibly leading to A-V block). Metoprolol should be administered with caution to patients with first degree A-V block (see Section 4.3 Contraindications).


In patients with this condition, or suspected of having this condition, an α-blocking medicine (e.g. phentolamine or phenoxybenzamine) should be administered before the β-blocker to avoid exacerbation of hypertension.


Metoprolol should be used with caution in patients with diabetes mellitus, especially those who are receiving insulin or oral hypoglycaemic agents. Diabetes patients should be warned that β-blockers including metoprolol affect glucose metabolism and may mask some important premonitory signs of acute hypoglycaemia, such as tachycardia.
In patients with insulin or noninsulin dependent diabetes, especially labile diabetes, or with a history of spontaneous hypoglycaemia, β-blockade may result in the loss of diabetic control and delayed recovery from hypoglycaemia. The dose of insulin or oral hypoglycaemic agent may need to be adjusted. Diabetic patients receiving metoprolol should be monitored to ensure that diabetes control is maintained.

Allergic conditions.

Allergic reactions may be exaggerated by β-blockade (e.g. allergic rhinitis during the pollen season and allergic reactions to bee and wasp stings). β-Blockers including metoprolol should be avoided if there is a risk of bronchospasm.
In patients taking β-blockers including metoprolol, anaphylactic shock assumes a more severe form and may be resistant to normal doses of adrenaline. Whenever possible, β-blockers including metoprolol should be avoided in patients who are at increased risk of anaphylaxis.


Special care should be exercised in those patients who are hyperthyroid and also receiving beta-blockers because β-blockers may mask the clinical signs of developing or continuing hyperthyroidism, resulting in symptomatic improvement without any change in thyroid status, special care should be exercised in hyperthyroid patients who are also receiving β-blockers. Where metoprolol is administered to patients having, or suspected of developing thyrotoxicosis, both thyroid and cardiac function should be monitored closely.


Calcium channel blocker of the verapamil (phenylalkylamine) type should not be given intravenously to patients receiving metoprolol because there is a risk of cardiac arrest in this situation (see Section 4.5 Interactions with Other Medicines and Other Forms of Interactions).

Peripheral circulatory disorders.

β-Blockade may impair the peripheral circulation and exacerbate the symptoms of peripheral vascular disease (see Section 4.3 Contraindications). Metoprolol should be used with caution in patients with peripheral arterial circulatory disorders (for example, Raynaud's disease or phenomenon, intermittent claudication).

Possible effects of treatment.

Effects on the heart rate.

If the patient develops increasing bradycardia (heart rate less than 50 to 55 beats/minute) the dosage of metoprolol should be gradually reduced or treatment gradually withdrawn (see Section 4.3 Contraindications).

Effects on thyroid.

The effects of β-blockers on thyroid hormone metabolism may result in elevations of serum free thyroxine (T4) levels. In the absence of any signs or symptoms of hyperthyroidism, additional investigation is necessary before a diagnosis of thyrotoxicosis can be made.

Other metabolic effects.

β-Adrenoreceptors are involved in the regulation of lipid as well as carbohydrate metabolism. Some medicines affect the lipid profile adversely although the long-term clinical significance of this change is unknown and the effect appears to be less for medicines with intrinsic sympathomimetic activity.

Effects on the eye and skin.

Various rashes and conjunctival xerosis have been reported with β-blocking agents. Cross reactions may occur between β-blockers, therefore substitutions within the group may not necessarily preclude occurrence of symptoms.
During long-term treatment with the β-blocking medicine practolol, a specific rash bearing a superficial resemblance to psoriasis was occasionally described. In a number of patients affected, this rash was accompanied by adverse effects on the eye (xerophthalmia and/or keratoconjunctivitis) of varying severity. This condition is called the oculomucocutaneous or practolol syndrome. On a few rare occasions, serious otitis media, sclerosing peritonitis, pericarditis and pleurisy have been reported as part of this syndrome.
The full oculomucocutaneous syndrome reported with practolol has not been reported with metoprolol. However, part of the syndrome (dry eyes, either alone or occasionally with skin rashes) have been reported with metoprolol. In most cases the symptoms cleared when metoprolol treatment was withdrawn. Patients should be observed carefully for potential ocular effects. If such symptoms occur, discontinuation of metoprolol should be considered.
More recently, an association between Peyronie's disease (a fibrosing induration of the penis) and various β-blockers has been suggested but is not proven.

Abrupt withdrawal.

Care should be taken if β-blockers have to be discontinued abruptly in patients with coronary artery disease. Severe exacerbation of angina and precipitation of myocardial infarction and ventricular arrhythmias have occurred following abrupt discontinuation of β-blockade in patients with ischaemic heart disease. Therefore it is recommended that the dosage be reduced gradually over a period of 8 to 14 days, during which time the patient's progress should be assessed. Metoprolol should be temporarily reinstituted if the angina worsens. If the medicine must be withdrawn abruptly in these patients, close observation is required. In the perioperative period, metoprolol should not be withdrawn unless withdrawal is specifically indicated.

Women of child-bearing potential.

Upon confirming the diagnosis of pregnancy, women should immediately inform the doctor.

Use in hepatic impairment.

Metoprolol is mainly eliminated by means of hepatic metabolism (see Section 5.2 Pharmacokinetic Properties). Therefore, hepatic impairment may increase the systemic bioavailability of metoprolol and reduce its total clearance, leading to increased plasma concentrations. Metoprolol blood levels are likely to increase substantially in patients with hepatic impairment. Therefore, metoprolol should be initiated at low doses with cautious gradual dose titration according to clinical response.

Use in renal impairment.

Patients with renal impairment may usually be treated with normal doses. In patients with severe renal disease, haemodynamic changes following β-blockade may impair renal function further. β-blockers, which are excreted mainly by the kidney, may require dose adjustment in patients with renal failure.

Use in the elderly.

Caution is indicated in elderly patients. An excessive decrease in blood pressure or pulse rate may cause the blood supply to vital organs to fall to inadequate levels (see Section 5.2 Pharmacokinetic Properties).

Paediatric use.

The safety and efficacy of metoprolol in children have not been established.

Effects on laboratory tests.

No data available.

4.5 Interactions with Other Medicines and Other Forms of Interactions

Effects of other medicinal products on metoprolol.

The effects of metoprolol and other antihypertensive drugs on blood pressure are usually additive. Patients receiving concurrent treatment with catecholamine depleting drugs, other beta-blockers (including those in form of eye drops), or monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors, should be carefully monitored.
The following medicinal products may increase the effect or plasma concentrations of metoprolol.

Antiarrhythmic medicines.

Care should be taken when prescribing β-blockers with antiarrhythmic medicines. Interactions have been reported during concomitant β-blocker therapy with the class IA agents disopyramide, procainamide, ajmaline and less frequently, quinidine; class IB agents, tocainide, mexiletine and lignocaine; class IC agents, flecainide and propafenone (not available in Australia); the class III agent, amiodarone; and the class IV antiarrhythmic agents (e.g. verapamil). Particularly, in patients with pre-existing sinus node dysfunction, concomitant administration of amiodarone may result in additive electro-physiologic effects including bradycardia, sinus arrest, and atrioventricular block.
When metoprolol is given together with antiarrhythmic agents the patient should be monitored for possible negative inotropic and chronotropic effects. The negative inotropic and negative chronotropic effects of antiarrhythmic agents of the quinidine type and amiodarone may be enhanced by β-blockers.

Other anti-hypertensive agents.

Metoprolol enhances the effects of other antihypertensive medicines. The combined effects of metoprolol and other antihypertensive drugs on blood pressure are usually additive. Particular care is required when initiating administration of a β-blocker and prazosin together.

Calcium antagonists.

The concomitant use of calcium antagonists with myocardial suppressant and sinus node activity (e.g. verapamil and, to a lesser extent, diltiazem) and β-blockers may cause bradycardia, hypotension and asystole. Extreme caution is required if these medicines have to be used together. A calcium channel blocker of the phenylalkylamine type (i.e. verapamil) should not be administered intravenously to patients receiving metoprolol because there is a risk of cardiac arrest in this situation. Concomitant administration of a beta-adrenergic antagonist with a calcium channel blocker may produce an additive reduction in myocardial contractility due to negative chronotropic and inotropic effects. Patients taking an oral calcium blocker of this type in combination with metoprolol should be closely monitored. The combination of β-blockers with dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers with a weak myocardial effect (e.g. felodipine, nifedipine) can be administered together with caution. In case excess hypotension develops, the calcium antagonist should be stopped or the dosage reduced.
When metoprolol is given together with calcium antagonists of the verapamil and diltiazem type the patient should be monitored for possible negative inotropic and chronotropic effects. Calcium antagonists of the verapamil type should not be given by intravenous administration to patients treated with β-blockers.

CYP2D6 inhibitors.

Potent inhibitors of this enzyme may increase the plasma concentration of metoprolol. Strong inhibition of CYP2D6 would result in the change of phenotype into poor metaboliser. Caution should therefore be exercised when coadministering potent CYP2D6 inhibitors with metoprolol. Known clinically significant potent inhibitors of CYP2D6 are antidepressants such as fluvoxamine, fluoxetine, paroxetine, sertraline, bupropion, clomipramine, desipramine, antipsychotics such as chlorpromazine, fluphenazine, haloperidol, thioridazine, antiarrhythmics such as quinidine or propafenone, antiretrovirals such as ritonavir, antihistamines such as diphenhydramine, antimalarials such as hydroxychloroquine or quinidine, antifungals such as terbinafine and medications for stomach ulcers such as cimetidine.


Concomitant administration of hydralazine may inhibit presystemic metabolism of metoprolol leading to increased concentrations of metoprolol.

General anaesthetics.

The necessity or desirability of withdrawing beta-blocking agents prior to major surgery is controversial. The impaired ability of the heart to respond to reflex adrenergic stimuli may augment the risks of general anaesthesia and surgical procedures. The benefits of continuing a treatment with a beta-blocker should be balanced against the risk of withdrawing it in each patient.
β-Blockade may have beneficial effects in decreasing the incidence of arrhythmias and myocardial ischaemia during anaesthesia and the postoperative period. It is currently recommended that maintenance β-blockade be continued perioperatively. The anaesthetist must be made aware of β-blockade because of the potential for interactions with other medicines, resulting in severe bradyarrhythmias and hypotension, the decreased reflex ability to compensate for blood loss, hypovolaemia and regional sympathetic blockade, and the increased propensity for vagally induced bradycardia. Incidents of protracted severe hypotension or difficulty restoring normal cardiac rhythm during anaesthesia have been reported.
Acute initiation of high dose metoprolol to patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery should be avoided, since it has been associated with bradycardia, hypotension and stroke including fatal outcome in patients with cardiovascular risk factors.
Modern inhalational anaesthetic agents are generally well tolerated, although older agents (ether, cyclopropane, methoxyflurane, trichlorethylene) were sometimes associated with severe circulatory depression in the presence of β-blockade. If it is thought necessary to withdraw β-blocker therapy before surgery, this should be done gradually and be completed about 48 hours before surgery (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use, Abrupt withdrawal).

Glyceryl trinitrate.

Glyceryl trinitrate may enhance the hypotensive effect of metoprolol.

Hepatic enzyme inhibitors.

Enzyme inhibiting substances may exert an influence on the plasma concentration of metoprolol. The plasma concentration of metoprolol may be raised by cimetidine.

Other drugs causing decrease in heart rate.

Concomitant administration of β-blockers with other drugs known to decrease heart rate such as sphingosine-1-phosphate receptor modulators (e.g. fingolimod) may result in additive heart rate lowering effect.

Other drugs causing decrease in blood pressure.

Concomitant administration of β-blockers with other drugs known to decrease blood pressure such as aldesleukin may result in an enhanced hypotensive effect.
The following medicinal products may decrease the effect or plasma concentrations of metoprolol.

Digitalis glycosides.

Digitalis glycosides, in association with beta-blockers, may increase atrioventricular conduction time and may induce bradycardia. Monitoring heart rate and PR interval is recommended.

Liver enzyme effects.

Enzyme inducing and enzyme inhibiting substances may change the plasma level of metoprolol. The plasma level of metoprolol is lowered by rifampicin and may be raised by cimetidine, alcohol, hydralazine and selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs), e.g. paroxetine, fluoxetine and sertraline.

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Concomitant administration of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as indomethacin including COX-2 inhibitors with a beta-blocker may decrease the antihypertensive effect of metoprolol, possibly as a result of the inhibition of renal prostaglandin synthesis and sodium and fluid retention caused by non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.

Prostaglandin synthetase inhibiting agents.

Concomitant treatment with indomethacin or other prostaglandin synthetase inhibiting agents may decrease the antihypertensive effect of β-blockers.


Particular caution is called for when administering a β-blocker and prazosin together for the first time.


Concomitant administration of sympathomimetic such as adrenaline, noradrenaline, isoprenaline, ephedrine, phenylpropanolamine, and xanthine derivatives (including, in antitussives or nose and eye drops) may provoke hypertensive reactions when used concomitantly with β-blockers; however, this is less likely with therapeutic doses of β1-selective drugs than with non-selective β-blockers.
A watch should be kept for possible negative inotropic and chonotropic effects when metoprolol is given together with calcium antagonists and/or anti-arrhythmic agents.
Patients receiving concomitant treatment with sympathetic ganglion blocking agents, other β-blockers (also in the form of eye drops), or monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitors should be kept under close surveillance.

Interactions resulting in effects on other medicines.


Metoprolol may modify the pharmacokinetic behaviour of alcohol when taken together. The plasma level of metoprolol may be raised by alcohol.

Catecholamine depleting agents.

Concomitant use of medicines such as reserpine and guanethidine requires careful monitoring since the added effect of a β-blocker may produce an excessive reduction of the resting sympathetic nervous tone.

Anti-adrenergic agents.

Antihypertensive effect of alpha-adrenergic blockers such as guanethidine, betanidine, reserpine, alpha-methyldopa or clonidine may be potentiated by β-blockers. Beta-adrenergic blockers may also potentiate the postural hypotensive effect of the first dose of prazosin, probably by preventing reflex tachycardia. Concurrent use of β-blockers and clonidine should be avoided because of the risk of adverse interaction and severe symptoms. If administered concomitantly, the clonidine should not be discontinued until several days after the withdrawal of the β-blocker. The rebound hypertension associated with clonidine withdrawal can be exacerbated by the presence of a beta-blocker. If both drugs are withdrawn simultaneously, a marked rise in blood pressure and/or arrhythmias may result.

Antidiabetic drugs and insulin.

Beta-blockers may interfere with the usual hemodynamic response to hypoglycemia and produce a rise in blood pressure associated with severe bradycardia. Beta-blockers may also antagonise the hypoglycaemic effects of sulfonylureas. The risk of either effect is less with a beta1-selective drug such as metoprolol than with a non-selective beta-blocker. However, diabetic patients receiving metoprolol should be monitored to ensure that diabetes control is maintained (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use).


Inhalation anaesthetics enhance the cardiosuppressant effect of beta-blocker therapy (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use). Metoprolol may also reduce the clearance of other drugs (e.g. lignocaine, leading to increased lignocaine effects).


A limited number of reports have demonstrated a rise in AUC and concentration of warfarin when taken with another β-blocker. This could potentially increase the anticoagulant effect of warfarin.

Ergot alkaloid.

Concomitant administration with beta-blockers may enhance the vasoconstrictive action of ergot alkaloids.


In general, administration of a beta-blocker should be withheld before dipyridamole testing, with careful monitoring of heart rate following the dipyridamole injection.

4.6 Fertility, Pregnancy and Lactation

Effects on fertility.

No data available.
(Category C)
Upon confirming the diagnosis of pregnancy, women should immediately inform the doctor.
In general, no drug should be taken during the first 3 months of pregnancy, and the relative benefits and risks of treatment should be carefully considered throughout pregnancy.
β-Blockers may cause pharmacological effects such as bradycardia in the foetus and newborn infant.
Experience with metoprolol in the first trimester of pregnancy is limited, but no foetal malformations attributable to metoprolol have been reported. However, beta-blockers may reduce placental perfusion and clinical experience suggests that in cases where its use is considered to be essential, metoprolol may be administered during pregnancy.
During the later stages of pregnancy these medicines should only be given after weighing the needs of the mother against the risk to the foetus.
The lowest possible dose should be used and treatment should be discontinued at least 2 to 3 days before delivery to avoid increased uterine contractility and effects of β-blockade in the newborn (e.g. bradycardia, hypoglycaemia).
Animal studies have not demonstrated adverse maternal or foetal effects except in high doses in the rabbit, where slight reduction of litter size and slightly higher value of foetal loss were demonstrated.
There are few clinical data on the use of metoprolol tartrate during the first trimester of pregnancy.
Metoprolol crosses the placental barrier in pregnant women; in one study the concentration in the umbilical vein was almost the same as in maternal vein plasma.
Metoprolol is excreted in human breast milk. β-Blockers taken by the mother may cause side effects, e.g. bradycardia, in the breastfed infant, although when the doses used are within the recommended therapeutic range, the very small amount of the drug ingested by the infant renders such effects unlikely. Experience suggests that metoprolol only need be discontinued during lactation if the infant's hepatic function is severely impaired.

4.7 Effects on Ability to Drive and Use Machines

Metoprolol may cause dizziness, fatigue or visual disturbances (see Section 4.8 Adverse Effects (Undesirable Effects)) and, therefore, may adversely affect the patient's ability to drive or use machinery.

4.8 Adverse Effects (Undesirable Effects)

Cardiovascular adverse effects (related, possibly related, unassessable or unknown) reported by ≥ 1% in 1,395 patients during randomised clinical trials of metoprolol and placebo are shown in Table 1.

Summary of adverse drug reactions from clinical trials.

Adverse drug reactions from clinical trials are listed by MedDRA system organ class. Within each system organ class, the adverse drug reactions are ranked by frequency, with the most frequent reactions first. Within each frequency grouping, adverse drug reactions are presented in order of decreasing seriousness. In addition, the corresponding frequency category for each adverse drug reaction is based on the following convention (CIOMS III): very common (≥ 1/10); common (≥ 1/100 to < 1/10); uncommon (≥ 1/1,000 to < 1/100); rare (≥ 1/10,000 to < 1/1,000); very rare (< 1/10,000).

Adverse drug reactions from clinical trials.

Blood and the lymphatic system disorders.

Rare: agranulocytosis.
Very rare: thrombocytopenia.

Psychiatric disorders

Rare: depression, nightmares.
Very rare: personality disorder, hallucinations, mental confusion.

Nervous system disorders.

Common: dizziness, headache.
Rare: depressed level of consciousness, somnolence or insomnia, paraesthesia, short term memory loss.

Eye disorders.

Very rare: visual impairment (e.g. blurred vision), dry eyes, eye irritation.

Ear and labyrinth disorders.

Very rare: tinnitus, hearing disorders1 (e.g. hypoacusis or deafness).

Cardiac disorders.

Common: bradycardia.
Rare: cardiac failure, arrhythmias, palpitation.
Very rare: conduction disorders, precordial pain.

Vascular disorders.

Common: orthostatic hypotension (occasionally with syncope), peripheral oedema, hypertension (mild and transient), cold extremities, arterial insufficiency.
Rare: oedema, Raynaud's phenomenon.
Very rare: gangrene2, angina (mild and transient), intermittent claudication.

Respiratory, thoracic and mediastinal disorders.

Common: dyspnoea, exertional dyspnoea.
Rare: bronchospasm3.
Very rare: rhinitis.

Gastrointestinal disorders.

Common: nausea and vomiting, abdominal pain, heartburn, flatulence, gastric pain.
Rare: diarrhoea or constipation.
Very rare: dry mouth, retroperitoneal fibrosis (relationship to metoprolol has not been definitely established), unstable diabetes.

Hepatobiliary disorders.

Very rare: hepatitis.

Skin and subcutaneous tissue disorders

Common: pruritus, rash.
Rare: rash (in the form of urticaria, psoriasiform and dystrophic skin lesions).
Very rare: photosensitivity reaction, hyperhydrosis, reversible alopecia, worsening of psoriasis, sweating increased.

Musculoskeletal, connective tissue disorders.

Rare: muscle spasms.
Very rare: arthritis, muscoskeletal pain.

Reproductive system and breast disorders.

Very rare: erectile dysfunction, libido disorder and potency, Peyronie's disease4.

Immune system disorders.


General disorders and administration site conditions.

Common: fatigue, tiredness.


Very rare: weight gain, liver function test abnormal.
1 In doses exceeding those recommended.
2 In patients with pre-existing severe peripheral circulatory disorders.
3 Which may occur in patients without a history of obstructive lung disease.
4 Relationship to metoprolol has not been definitely established.
Discontinuation of the drug should be considered if any such reaction is not otherwise explicable.
The oculomucocutaneous syndrome associated with the beta-blocker, practolol, has not been reported with metoprolol (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use).

Post-marketing data.

In addition to the adverse events reported in the clinical trials, the following events have been reported during post-marketing surveillance of metoprolol*.

Nervous system disorders.

Confusional state.


Increase in blood triglycerides, decrease in high density lipoprotein (HDL).
* Because these reports are from a population of uncertain size and are subject to confounding factors, it is not possible to reliably estimate their frequency.

Potential adverse reactions.

A variety of adverse reactions not listed above have been reported with other beta-adrenergic blocking agents and should be considered potential adverse reactions to metoprolol.

Cardiac disorders.

Intensification of A-V block (see Section 4.3 Contraindications).

Blood and the lymphatic system disorders.

Nonthrombocytopenic purpura, thrombocytopenic purpura.

Nervous system disorders.

Reversible mental depression progressing to catatonia, an acute reversible syndrome characterised by disorientation for time and place, short-term memory loss, emotional lability, slightly clouded sensorium, and decreased performance in neuropsychometrics.

Hypersensitivity reactions.

Fever combined with aching and sore throat, laryngospasm, and respiratory distress.

Reporting suspected adverse effects.

Reporting suspected adverse reactions after registration of the medicinal product is important. It allows continued monitoring of the benefit-risk balance of the medicinal product. Healthcare professionals are asked to report any suspected adverse reactions at

4.9 Overdose


Overdosage is characterised by excessive bradycardia, hypotension, possible cardiac failure and bronchoconstriction. AV block, cardiogenic shock, impairment of consciousness (even coma), convulsions, nausea, vomiting and cyanosis may also occur. Concomitant ingestion of alcohol, antihypertensives, quinidine or barbiturates may aggravate the patient's condition. The first signs of overdose can appear in 20 minutes after ingestion of tablets, but are more commonly seen within one to two hours. The effects of massive overdosage may persist for several days despite declining plasma concentrations.


Metoprolol Sandoz should be withdrawn. The patient should be hospitalised and, generally, should be managed in an intensive care setting with continuous monitoring of cardiac function, blood gases, and blood biochemistry. Emergency supportive measures such as artificial ventilation or cardiac pacing should be instituted if appropriate. Even apparently well patients who have taken a small overdose should be closely observed for signs of poisoning for at least 4 hours.
In general, patients with acute or recent myocardial infarction may be more haemodynamically unstable than other patients and should be treated accordingly.
In the event of a potentially life threatening oral overdose, use induction of vomiting or gastric lavage (if within 4 hours after ingestion of metoprolol) and/or activation charcoal to remove the drug from the gastrointestinal tract. Haemodialysis is unlikely to make a useful contribution to metoprolol elimination.
Atropine may be given intravenously to control significant bradycardia. Intravenous beta-agonists such as prenalterol or isoprenaline should be used to treat bradycardia and hypotension; very high doses may be needed to overcome the beta-blockade. Dopamine, dobutamine or noradrenaline may be given to maintain blood pressure. Glucagon has positive inotropic and chronotropic effects on the heart that are independent of beta-adrenergic receptors, and has proved effective in the treatment of resistant hypotension and heart failure associated with beta-blocker overdose.
Diazepam is the drug of choice for controlling seizures. A beta-agonist or aminophylline can be used to reverse bronchospasm; patients should be monitored for evidence of cardiac arrhythmias during and after administration of the bronchodilator.
The beta-blocker withdrawal phenomenon (see Section 4.4 Special Warnings and Precautions for Use) may occur after overdose.
For information on the management of overdose, contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131126 (Australia).

5 Pharmacological Properties

5.1 Pharmacodynamic Properties

Mechanism of action.

Metoprolol tartrate is structurally related to other cardioselective β-blockers. It is a relatively cardioselective β-adrenoceptor blocking medicine without intrinsic sympathomimetic activity, and is suited for the treatment of hypertension. It acts on β1-receptors mainly located in the heart at lower doses than those needed to influence the β2-receptors mainly located in the bronchi and peripheral vessels. Metoprolol reduces blood pressure in patients with hypertension, in both the standing and supine position. It also reduces the extent of rises in blood pressure occurring in response to physical and mental stress. In angina pectoris metoprolol reduces the frequency and severity of the attacks and the need for glyceryl trinitrate relief, and increases exercise tolerance.
Metoprolol has been shown to reduce mortality in patients with suspected or definite myocardial infarction. The mechanisms of action for these effects are not fully understood but may be related to a lower incidence of ventricular fibrillation and limitation of infarct size. Metoprolol has also been shown to reduce the incidence of recurrent myocardial infarction.
In cases of supraventricular tachycardia or atrial fibrillation, and in the presence of extra systoles, metoprolol has a regulating effect on the heart rate.
Orthostatic effects or disturbances of electrolyte balance have not been observed.
In therapeutic doses, metoprolol has less effect on the peripheral circulation and the bronchial muscles than non-selective β-blockers. However, metoprolol should be used with caution in patients with asthma, and concomitant use of an adrenergic bronchodilator, e.g. terbutaline or salbutamol, is advisable. Patients with reversible airways obstruction who are already taking β2-stimulants may require adjustment of the dosage of these if metoprolol therapy is subsequently introduced.
The stimulant effect of catecholamines on the heart is reduced or inhibited by metoprolol. This leads to a decrease in heart rate, cardiac contractility and cardiac output. Metoprolol will inhibit catecholamine induced lipolysis. It has also been shown to reduce diuretic induced increases in plasma renin activity. Metoprolol will inhibit catecholamine induced insulin secretion to a far lesser degree than non-selective β-blockers.
Metoprolol is practically devoid of membrane stabilising activity and does not display partial agonist activity (i.e. intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA)) at doses required to produce β-blockade.
Metoprolol tartrate forms an active metabolite which does not, however, contribute significantly to the therapeutic effect.
Metoprolol is considered a relatively lipid soluble compound, i.e. less soluble than propranolol and more lipid soluble than atenolol. It has been shown to exert a prophylactic effect in both classical and common migraine.

Clinical trials.

No data available.

5.2 Pharmacokinetic Properties


Metoprolol is rapidly and almost completely (more than 95%) absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract.


It is rapidly and extensively distributed to the extravascular tissues. The volume of distribution is 5.6 L/kg. At therapeutic concentrations, approximately 12% is bound to human serum proteins.


Long-term studies have shown that metoprolol neither enhances nor inhibits its own metabolism.


Studies with the radioactively labelled drug have shown that more than 90% of the dose is excreted in the urine within 72 hours, mainly in the form of known metabolites. Only about 3% of the administered dose is excreted unchanged in the urine in 72 hours. The rate of renal excretion of metoprolol has a linear relationship to its plasma concentration. Metoprolol is excreted mainly by glomerular filtration.
The elimination half-life of metoprolol tartrate is between three and five hours. The duration of the β-blocking effect is dose dependent (as measured by reduction of exercise heart rate).

5.3 Preclinical Safety Data


No data available.


No data available.

6 Pharmaceutical Particulars

6.1 List of Excipients

Contains lactose monohydrate, maize starch, microcrystalline cellulose, magnesium stearate, colloidal anhydrous silica, hyprolose, calcium hydrogen phosphate dihydrate and crospovidone.

6.2 Incompatibilities

Incompatibilities were either not assessed or not identified as part of the registration of this medicine.
For information on interactions on other medicines and other forms of interactions, see Section 4.5 Interactions with Other Medicines and Other Forms of Interactions.

6.3 Shelf Life

In Australia, information on the shelf life can be found on the public summary of the Australian Register of Therapeutic Goods (ARTG). The expiry date can be found on the packaging.

6.4 Special Precautions for Storage

Store below 25°C.
Protect from light and moisture.

6.5 Nature and Contents of Container

Metoprolol Sandoz 50 mg tablets: PVC/PVDC Aluminium blister packs of 100 tablets.
Metoprolol Sandoz 100 mg tablets: PVC/PVDC Aluminium blister packs of 60 tablets.

6.6 Special Precautions for Disposal

In Australia, any unused medicine or waste material should be disposed of by taking to your local pharmacy.

6.7 Physicochemical Properties

Metoprolol tartrate is a white crystalline powder. Melting point: approximately 120°C. The powder is practically odourless. It is very soluble in water, soluble in chloroform, methylene chloride and alcohol, and almost insoluble in benzene, diethyl ether and acetone.

Chemical structure.

Chemical name: di[(RS)-3-[4-(2-methoxyethyl) phenoxy]- 1-(isopropylamino) propan-2-ol] tartrate.
Molecular formula: (C15H25NO3)2.C4H6O6.
Molecular weight: 684.8.

CAS number.


7 Medicine Schedule (Poisons Standard)

S4 - Prescription Only Medicine.

Summary Table of Changes