Consumer medicine information

Pharmacy Action Heartburn Relief

Pantoprazole

BRAND INFORMATION

Brand name

Pharmacy Action Heartburn Relief

Active ingredient

Pantoprazole

Schedule

S3 | S2

 

Consumer medicine information (CMI) leaflet

Please read this leaflet carefully before you start using Pharmacy Action Heartburn Relief.

What is in this leaflet?

Please read this leaflet carefully before you take Heartburn Relief.

This leaflet answers some common questions about Heartburn Relief. It does not contain all of the available information. It does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist.

All medicines have risks and benefits. Sometimes new risks are found even when a medicine has been used for many years. Your doctor or pharmacist has weighed the expected benefits of you taking Heartburn Relief against the risks this medicine could have for you.

Use Heartburn Relief as directed and follow the advice given in this leaflet.

If you have any concerns about taking this medicine, ask your doctor or pharmacist. Keep this leaflet with the medicine. You may need to read it again.

What Heartburn Relief is used for?

Heartburn Relief contains the active ingredient pantoprazole.

Heartburn Relief is used for lasting symptomatic relief of frequent heartburn and stomach acid complaints due to gastro- oesophageal reflux. This can be caused by “washing back” (reflux) of food and acid from the stomach into the food pipe, also known as the oesophagus.

Reflux can cause a burning sensation in the chest rising up to the throat, also known as heartburn.

Frequent heartburn is when you have heartburn for two or more days a week. Heartburn that occurs frequently is a typical symptom of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD).

Who should use Heartburn Relief

Heartburn Relief is recommended for adults over 18 years of age suffering from heartburn at least 2 times a week.

If you only suffer from heartburn occasionally (one episode of heartburn a week or less) or if you want immediate relief of heartburn, Heartburn Relief is not the right medicine for you.

How Heartburn Relief works

Heartburn Relief belongs to a group of medicines called proton pump inhibitors (PPIs).

Heartburn Relief works by decreasing the amount of acid the stomach makes to give relief from symptoms.

Heartburn Relief will start to suppress acid within a few hours, however it will not give instant symptom relief. You may need to take Heartburn Relief for a few days before experiencing the full effect.

There is no evidence that Heartburn Relief is addictive.

This medicine is only available from your pharmacist or your doctor.

Before you take Heartburn Relief

Do not take if:

You must not take Heartburn Relief if:

  • you have ever had an allergic reaction to pantoprazole (see “Side Effects”) or any of the ingredients listed toward the end of this leaflet (see "Ingredients");
  • the expiry date (EXP) printed on the pack has passed; or
  • the packaging is torn or shows signs of tampering.

Do not take Heartburn Relief if you have severe liver disease of cirrhosis.

Do not take Heartburn Relief in combination with atazanavir (an anti-viral medication).

Heartburn Relief should not be given to children or adolescents under 18 years of age. The safety and effectiveness of Heartburn Relief in children has not been established.

If you are not sure whether you should start taking Heartburn Relief alone or in combination with any other medications, talk to your doctor or pharmacist.

You must tell your doctor or pharmacist if:

  1. you have any allergies to:
  • pantoprazole;
  • any of the ingredients listed at the end of this leaflet; or
  • any foods, dyes, preservatives or any other medicines.
  1. you are pregnant, intend to become pregnant, are breast- feeding or intend to breast-feed.
  2. you have or have had any other medical conditions.

If you have not told your doctor or pharmacist about any of the above, tell them before you take Heartburn Relief.

Talk to your doctor or pharmacist first before taking Heartburn Relief if:

  • you have previously taken heartburn/indigestion medications continuously for four or more weeks to control your heartburn.
  • you have jaundice, liver problems, anaemia, previous gastric ulcer or gastrointestinal surgery.
  • you are have new or recently changed symptoms including persistent vomiting, vomiting of blood, blood in the stools or unexplained weight loss.

If you have experienced any of the above you should see your doctor immediately.

You should speak to your doctor if you have suffered from frequent heartburn/indigestion symptoms for some time.

You should also speak to your doctor before taking Heartburn Relief if you are due to have an endoscopy (a special test ordered by your doctor).

Taking other medicines

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you are taking any other medicines, including medicines that you buy without a prescription from your pharmacy, supermarket or health food shop.

Some medicines may be affected by Heartburn Relief, or may affect how well it works. These may include medicines used to prevent blood clots (anti-coagulants), atazanavir (an antiviral medication) and medicines whose activity depend on the acidity of the stomach, eg. ketoconazole.

Speak with your pharmacist or doctor if you have any concerns about taking Heartburn Relief with other medications.

How to take Heartburn Relief

How much to take

Take one (1) Heartburn Relief tablet once a day (every 24 hours).

How and when to take it

Heartburn Relief should be swallowed whole with a little water. It can be taken with or without food.

How long to take it for

Take one (1) tablet daily for at least 7 days, and up to 14 days. You should not take it for more than 14 days unless directed by a doctor.

Use in children

Heartburn Relief should not be given to children or adolescents under 18 years of age.

What if I forget to take it?

If it is almost time for your next dose, skip the dose you missed and take your next dose when you are meant to. Otherwise, take it as soon as you remember, and then go back to taking it as you would normally.

Do not take a double dose to make up for the dose that you missed. This may increase the chance of you getting an unwanted side effect.

If you have trouble remembering to take your medicine, ask your pharmacist for some hints.

What do I do if I take too much? (Overdose)

Immediately telephone your doctor or Poisons Information Centre for advice, or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital, if you think you or anyone else may have taken too much Heartburn Relief, even if there are no signs of discomfort or poisoning. You may need urgent medical attention.

Telephone numbers for Poisons Information Centres are – in Australia call 13 11 26; in New Zealand call 0800 764 766. Keep these telephone numbers for these places handy.

If you are not sure what to do, contact your doctor or pharmacist.

While you are taking Heartburn Relief

Your doctor or pharmacist will be able to tell you whether there are any special instructions while you are taking Heartburn Relief.

Things you must do

Use Heartburn Relief exactly as your doctor or pharmacist has advised.

Tell all doctors, dentists and pharmacists who are treating you that you are taking Heartburn Relief.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you do not feel better while taking Heartburn Relief.

If symptoms persist or recur within 2 weeks of completing the course, consult a doctor. Further examination may be recommended.

Things that may help your condition

Some self help measures suggested below may help your condition. Talk to your doctor or pharmacist about these measures and for more information.

  • Alcohol – you may be advised to limit your alcohol intake.
  • Aspirin and many other medicines used to treat arthritis, period pain, headaches – these medicines may irritate the stomach and may make your condition worse. Your doctor or pharmacist may suggest other medicines you can take.
  • Caffeine – you may be advised to limit the number of drinks which contain caffeine, such as coffee, tea, cocoa and cola drinks, because they contain ingredients that may irritate your stomach.
  • Eating habits – eat smaller, more frequent meals. Eat slowly and chew your food carefully. Try not to rush at meal times.
  • Smoking – it is advisable for you to stop smoking or at least cut down.
  • Weight – you may be advised that losing some weight will help your condition.

What are the side effects?

Check with your doctor as soon as possible if you have any problems, or think you are experiencing any side effects or allergic reactions due to taking Heartburn Relief, even if you do not think the problems are connected with the medicine or they are not listed in this leaflet.

Like other medicines, Heartburn Relief can cause some side effects. If they occur, they are most likely to be minor and temporary. However, some may be serious and need medical attention.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist any questions you may have.

The most commonly reported side effects are as follows. Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice any of the following and they worry you:

  • dizziness
  • headache
  • diarrhoea
  • feeling sick, also called nausea
  • vomiting
  • stomach pain
  • excessive gas in the stomach or bowel
  • feeling weak or tired
  • indigestion
  • constipation
  • blurred vision
  • dry mouth
  • metallic taste
  • increased sweating
  • skin problems such as itchiness and/or rash

Tell your doctor immediately if you notice any of the following:

  • unusual tiredness or weakness.
  • nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, feeling generally unwell, fever, itching, yellowing of the skin and eyes, and dark coloured urine.
  • skin problems such as itchiness and rash, or swelling, blistering or peeling of the skin.
  • swelling of the face, lips, mouth, tongue or throat which may cause difficulty in swallowing or breathing.
  • frequent infections such as fever, severe chills, sore throat or mouth ulcers.
  • chest pain
  • shortness of breath.
  • high blood pressure.
  • swelling of the legs.
  • bleeding or bruising more easily than normal.
  • depression, confusion or anxiety.

These may be serious side effects and you may need urgent medical attention. Serious side effects are rare.

If you think you are having an allergic reaction to Heartburn Relief, TELL YOUR DOCTOR IMMEDIATELY or go to the Accident and Emergency department at your nearest hospital.

This is not a complete list of all possible side effects. Others may occur in some people and there may be some side effects not yet known.

Tell your doctor or pharmacist if you notice anything that is making you feel unwell when you are taking, or soon after you have finished taking, Heartburn Relief.

Ask your doctor or pharmacist if you don't understand anything in this list.

Do not be alarmed by this list of possible side effects. You may not experience any of them.

How do I store Heartburn Relief?

Keep Heartburn Relief where children cannot reach them. A locked cupboard at least one-and-a- half meters above the ground is a good place to store medicines.

Keep Heartburn Relief in the container that they were supplied in until it is time to take them.

If you take the tablets out of the blister pack, they may not keep well.

Store Heartburn Relief in a cool dry place where the temperature stays below 25°C.

Do not store Heartburn Relief, or any other medicines, in a bathroom, near a sink or on a window sill. Heat and dampness can destroy some medicines.

Return any unused or expired medicine to your pharmacist.

Product description

What Heartburn Relief looks like

Heartburn Relief is available as a 20mg tablet. The tablets have an acid-resistant coating called an enteric coating.

Heartburn Relief are yellow coloured, oval shape, biconvex, enteric coated tablets, plain on both sides.

Heartburn Relief is available in blister packs containing 7 and 14 tablets.

Ingredients

The active ingredient in Heartburn Relief is pantoprazole.

Each Heartburn Relief tablet contains the equivalent of 20mg pantoprazole.

Each Heartburn Relief tablet also contains:

  • sodium carbonate anhydrous
  • hydroxypropylcellulose
  • mannitol
  • crospovidone
  • calcium stearate
  • hypromellose
  • titanium dioxide
  • iron oxide yellow
  • propylene glycol
  • EUDRAGIT L30D-55
  • triethyl citrate
  • talc-purified
  • purified water

Heartburn Relief does not contain gluten, lactose, sucrose, tartrazine or other azo dyes.

Supplier

Heartburn Relief is supplied by:

Generic Health Pty Ltd
Suite 1, Level 1
1175 Toorak Road
Camberwell VIC 3124

Where to go for further information

Pharmaceutical companies are not in a position to give people an individual diagnosis or medical advice. Your doctor or pharmacist is the best person to give you advice on the treatment of your condition. You may also be able to find general information about your condition and its treatment from patient information groups.

The information provided applies only to Heartburn Relief.

Australian Registration Numbers:

Heartburn Relief 20 mg: AUST R 183533

This leaflet was prepared in November 2010.

Published by MIMS November 2019

BRAND INFORMATION

Brand name

Pharmacy Action Heartburn Relief

Active ingredient

Pantoprazole

Schedule

S3 | S2

 

Name of the medicine

Pantoprazole sodium (as sesquihydrate).

Excipients.

Anhydrous sodium carbonate, mannitol, crospovidone, hydroxypropylcellulose, calcium stearate, hypromellose, titanium dioxide, iron oxide yellow, propylene glycol, Eudragit L30D-55, triethyl citrate, purified talc, purified water. The tablets do not contain gluten, lactose, sucrose, tartrazine or other azo dyes.

Description

Chemical name: 5-(difluoromethoxy)-2-[[(3,4-dimethoxy-2-pyridinyl)-methyl]sulfinyl]-1H-benzimidazole sodium sesquihydrate. MW: 432.4. CAS: 138 786-67-1.
Pantoprazole is a substituted benzimidazole which inhibits basal and stimulated gastric secretion. Pantoprazole sodium sesquihydrate is a white to off white crystalline powder. Solubility is low at neutral pH and increases with increasing pH.

Pharmacology

Pharmacodynamics.

Pantoprazole inhibits specifically and dose proportionately H+/K+-ATPase, the enzyme which is responsible for gastric acid secretion in the parietal cells of the stomach.
The substance is a substituted benzimidazole which accumulates in the acidic environment of the parietal cells after absorption. There, it is converted into the active form, a cyclic sulphenamide which binds to the H+/K+-ATPase, thus inhibiting the proton pump and causing potent and long lasting suppression of basal and stimulated gastric acid secretion. As pantoprazole acts distal to the receptor level, it can influence gastric acid secretion irrespective of the nature of the stimulus (acetylcholine, histamine, gastrin).
Pantoprazole's selectivity is due to the fact that it only exerts its full effect in a strongly acidic environment (pH < 3), remaining mostly inactive at higher pH values. As a result, its complete pharmacological, and thus therapeutic effect, can only be achieved in the acid secretory parietal cells. By means of a feedback mechanism this effect is diminished at the same rate as acid secretion is inhibited.
As with other proton pump inhibitors and H2-receptor inhibitors, treatment with pantoprazole causes a reduced acidity in the stomach and thereby an increase in gastrin in proportion to the reduction in acidity. The increase in gastrin is reversible.

Pharmacokinetics.

Pantoprazole is rapidly absorbed and the maximal plasma concentration appears after one single oral dose. After single and multiple oral doses, the median time to reach maximum serum concentrations was approximately 2.5 h, with a Cmax of approximately 1.2 microgram/mL. Terminal half-life is approximately 1 h. Volume of distribution is approximately 0.15 L/kg and clearance is approximately 0.1 L/h/kg. Pharmacokinetics do not vary after single or repeated administration. The plasma kinetics of pantoprazole are linear (in the dose range of 10 to 80 mg) after both oral and intravenous administration.
Pantoprazole is completely absorbed after oral administration. The absolute bioavailability of the tablet is approximately 77%. Concomitant intake of food had no influence on AUC, maximum serum concentrations and thus bioavailability.
The serum protein binding of pantoprazole is approximately 98%. Pantoprazole is rapidly eliminated from serum and is almost exclusively metabolised in the liver. Renal elimination represents the most important route of excretion (approximately 80%) for the metabolites of pantoprazole, the rest are excreted with the faeces. The main metabolite in both the serum and urine is desmethylpantoprazole which is conjugated with the sulphate. The half-life of the main metabolites (approximately 1.5 h) is not much longer than that of pantoprazole.
In studies in healthy volunteers, 2% of subjects showed a slower elimination of pantoprazole from serum/ plasma, with an increase in terminal elimination half-life of up to 10 h. Patients with a half-life of greater than 3.5 h and with an apparent clearance of less than 2 L/h/kg are considered to be slow metabolisers of pantoprazole.
After a single 20 mg tablet, AUC increased 3-fold in patients with mild hepatic impairment and 5-fold in patients with severe hepatic impairment compared with healthy controls. Mean elimination half-life was 3.3 h in mild hepatic impairment and 6.0 h in severe hepatic impairment compared with 1.1 h in controls. The maximum serum concentration only increased slightly by a factor of 1.3 compared with healthy subjects.
In patients with renal impairment (including those undergoing dialysis) no dose reduction is required. Although the main metabolite is moderately increased, there is no accumulation. The half-life of pantoprazole is as short as in healthy subjects. Pantoprazole is poorly dialyzable.
The slight increase in AUC and Cmax in elderly volunteers compared with their younger counterparts is also not clinically relevant.

Clinical Trials

Relief of symptomatic reflux (GORD).

The relief of symptoms of reflux in patients who showed no oesophageal lesions on endoscopy has been shown in the following double blind, multicentre, placebo controlled study (245/98) using pantoprazole 20 mg once daily. Overall, 219 patients were enrolled into the study. Each patient was to have a normal oesophagus as assessed by endoscopy and to have suffered from at least one episode of heartburn of at least moderate intensity on all three days prior to inclusion into the study. Additionally, patients were to have a history of reflux symptoms (heartburn, acid eructation, pain on swallowing) for at least 3 months prior to entry into the study. (See Table 1.)

Indications

Heartburn Relief is indicated for symptomatic relief of heartburn, acid regurgitation and other symptoms associated with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD).

Contraindications

Pantoprazole may not be used in cases of known hypersensitivity to any components of the formulation, or in cases of cirrhosis or severe liver disease.
Pantoprazole, like other proton pump inhibitors, should not be coadministered with atazanavir (see Interactions with Other Medications).

Precautions

Patients should be referred to their doctor for review if any of the following occur.
They have unintentional weight loss, anaemia, gastrointestinal bleeding, dysphagia, persistent vomiting or vomiting with blood, malaena, gastric ulcer is suspected or present or gastrointestinal surgery, as treatment with pantoprazole may alleviate symptoms and delay diagnosis. In these cases, malignancy should be excluded.
They have had to take other medication for indigestion or heartburn continuously for four or more weeks in order to control their symptoms.
They are being treated for symptomatic GORD and require Heartburn Relief for more than 14 days.
They have jaundice or severe hepatic impairment (e.g. cirrhosis).
They have any other significant medical condition.
Patients should consult their doctor before taking this product if they are due to have an endoscopy.

General toxicity.

Gastrointestinal system.

Treatment with pantoprazole causes dose dependent hypergastrinaemia as a result of inhibition of gastric acid secretion. Gastrin has a trophic effect on the gastric mucosa, and increases in gastric weight have been observed in rats and dogs to be dependent upon both dose and duration of treatment. Accompanying histopathological changes in the gastric mucosa were increased height, dilatation of fundic glands, chief cell hyperplasia and/or atrophy and parietal cell hyperplasia or vacuolation/ degeneration. Increased density of enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells was observed after 12 months treatment at dose levels from 5 mg/kg/day in rats and 2.5 mg/kg/day in dogs; all changes were reversible after various recovery periods.
Since these gastric effects are a consequence of the pharmacological effect of acid secretion inhibition, no-effect doses were not established in all instances.
Although rats might be more susceptible to this effect than other species because of their high ECL cell density and sensitivity to gastrin, ECL cell hyperplasia occurs in other species, including mice and dogs, and has been observed in one of two clinical trials in which ECL cell density was measured (a 2-fold increase was observed in study RR126/97 after up to 5 years of treatment with regular and high doses, but no increase was observed in study RR125/97). No dysplasic or neoplastic changes were observed in gastric endocrine cells in either study.

Ocular toxicity and dermal phototoxicity/ sensitivity.

Studies have shown that pantoprazole is retained in low levels in the eyes and skin of pigmented rats. It is likely that the retention reflects a reversible association with melanin. Animal studies investigating the potential for phototoxicity/ photosensitivity have not been conducted. A 2 week dog study, conducted specifically to investigate the effects on the eye and ear, did not reveal any changes relating to pantoprazole treatment, but the doses chosen were relatively low (40 and 160 mg (about 4 and 15 mg/kg) orally and 60 mg (about 6 mg/kg) IV). No ophthalmological changes or changes in electroretinographs were observed in cynomolgus monkeys at IV doses of up to 15 mg/kg/day for 4 weeks.

Carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, impairment of fertility.

Genotoxicity.

A number of in vitro and in vivo genotoxicity assays covering mutagenicity, clastogenicity and DNA damage end points were conducted on pantoprazole and the results were generally negative. Exposures achieved in the in vivo tests in mice and rats were well in excess of exposures expected clinically. However, pantoprazole was clearly positive in carefully conducted cytogenetic assays in human lymphocytes in vitro, both in the presence and absence of metabolic activation. Omeprazole was also positive in a comparable test conducted in the same laboratory, suggesting a possible class effect. A minute amount of radioactivity was bound to rat hepatic DNA after treatment with 200 mg/kg/day pantoprazole for 14 days. However, no distinct DNA adduct has been detected.

Mutagenesis.

Pantoprazole was found to be negative in the following studies: in vivo chromosome aberration assay in rat and bone marrow (126E/95), mouse lymphoma test (222E/95) and a gene mutation test in Chinese hamster ovary cells (in vitro) (188E/95). In addition, toxicokinetic studies were conducted in rats at the doses used in the bone marrow assay (50 to 1200 mg/kg) (56E/96) and in mice at the high dose from the earlier micronucleus test (710 mg/kg) (89E/96). In both species, pantoprazole exposure was high with the AUCs being 26 to 30 times higher in the rat or mouse respectively, than humans using the 20 mg tablet.

Carcinogenicity.

A two year oral carcinogenicity study in Sprague Dawley rats at doses up to 200 mg/kg/day showed gastric carcinoids after pantoprazole treatment at doses greater than 0.5 mg/kg/day in females and greater than 5 mg/kg/day in males, with none observed in controls. The development of gastric tumours is attributed to chronic elevation of serum gastrin levels with associated histopathological changes in the gastrointestinal system.
In both male and female rats, the development of hepatocellular adenomas was increased at doses greater than 5 mg/kg/day and the development of hepatocellular carcinomas was increased at doses greater than 50 mg/kg/day. Hepatocellular tumours, which were also observed in female mice at oral doses greater than 25 mg/kg/day, may be associated with pantoprazole induced increases in hepatic enzyme activity.
Treatment with pantoprazole at doses greater than 50 mg/kg/day also increased the development of thyroid follicular cell adenomas in male and female rats. Several studies in rats were conducted to investigate the effect of pantoprazole on the thyroid, the results of which suggested that the effect may be secondary to the induction of enzymes in the liver. In a more recent carcinogenicity study, Fischer rats were studied using lower doses (5, 15 and 50 mg/kg). Gastric carcinoids were detected at all doses in females and at the 15 and 50 mg/kg doses in males and none were detected in controls. No metastases of these carcinoids were detected. There was no increase in incidence of liver tumours. The dose of 15 mg/kg is seen to be the no-effect level for liver tumours in rodents.
Consideration of the possible mechanisms involved in the development of the above drug related tumour types suggests that it is unlikely that there is any carcinogenic risk in humans at therapeutic dose levels of pantoprazole for short-term treatment.

Use in pregnancy.

(Category B3)
Teratological studies in rats and rabbits gave no evidence of a teratogenic potential for pantoprazole. In oral rat studies, dose dependent toxic effects were observed on foetuses and pups: increased prenatal and postnatal deaths at 450 mg/kg/day, reduced foetal weight at greater than or equal to 150 mg/kg/day and delayed skeletal ossification and reduced pup growth at greater than or equal to 15 mg/kg/day. For the latter a no-effect dose was not established. Doses of 450 mg/kg/day were maternotoxic and may have been associated with dystocia and incomplete parturition. Penetration of the placenta was investigated in the rat and was found to increase with advanced gestation. As a result, concentrations of pantoprazole in the foetus are increased shortly before birth regardless of the route of administration.
The significance of these findings in humans is unclear. As there is no information on the safety of the drug during pregnancy in women, pantoprazole should not be used during pregnancy, unless the benefit clearly outweighs the potential risk to the foetus.

Use in lactation.

A perinatal/ postnatal study in rats found that treatment with pantoprazole at doses of 10 mg/kg/day or greater decreased pup growth. A transient effect on one of a series of development tests (startle response) was only evident in the 30 mg/kg/day group at an age when male and female offspring showed lower bodyweights, paralleled with lower brain weight, than the controls. The significance of these findings for humans is unknown, and there is currently no information on the safety of pantoprazole during breastfeeding in humans. Therefore, pantoprazole should only be used during lactation if the benefits clearly outweigh the risks.

Use in children.

To date there has been limited experience with treatment in children.

Interactions

Pantoprazole is metabolized in the liver via the cytochrome P450 enzyme system. A study using human liver microsomes suggested that the P450 enzymes CYP2C19 and CYP3A4 are involved in its metabolism. In addition, CYP2D6 and CYP2C9-10 were implicated in another study. An interaction of pantoprazole with other drugs or compounds which are metabolised using the same enzyme system cannot be excluded. However, no clinically significant interactions were observed in specific tests with a number of such drugs or compounds, namely carbamazepine, caffeine, diazepam, diclofenac, digoxin, ethanol, glibenclamide, metoprolol, naproxen, nifedipine, phenytoin, piroxicam, theophylline and the low dose oral contraceptive Triphasil (levonorgestrel and ethinyloestradiol). There was also no interaction with a concomitantly administered antacid (aluminium hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide).
Although no interaction during concomitant administration of phenprocoumon or warfarin has been observed in clinical pharmacokinetic studies, a few isolated cases of changes in international normalised ratio (INR) have been reported during concomitant treatment in the postmarketing period. Therefore, in patients being treated with coumarin anticoagulants, monitoring of prothrombin time/INR is recommended after initiation, termination or during irregular use of pantoprazole. Treatment of dogs with IV famotidine shortened the duration of the pH elevation effect of pantoprazole.
As with all acid suppressant medications, the absorption of drugs whose bioavailability is pH dependent (e.g. ketoconazole), might be altered due to the decrease in gastric acidity.
Four crossover pharmacokinetic studies designed to examine any interactions between pantoprazole and the drugs clarithromycin, amoxicillin and metronidazole, conducted in 66 healthy volunteers, showed no interactions.
It has been shown that coadministration of atazanavir 300 mg/ ritonavir 100 mg with omeprazole (40 mg once daily) or atazanavir 400 mg with lansoprazole (60 mg single dose) to healthy volunteers resulted in a substantial reduction in the bioavailability of atazanavir. The absorption of atazanavir is pH dependent. Therefore proton pump inhibitors, including pantoprazole, should not be coadministered with atazanavir (see Contraindications).

Adverse Effects

Pantoprazole tablets are well tolerated. Most of the adverse reactions seen with treatment were of mild or moderate intensity in clinical trials and postmarketing surveillance. The following adverse reactions have been reported in patients receiving pantoprazole.

Body as a whole.

Fatigue, asthenia and increased sweating. Rare reports of fever, anaphylactic reactions including anaphylactic shock and peripheral oedema. Very rare reports of substernal chest pain and hot flushes.

Cardiovascular disorders general.

Rare reports of hypertension. Very rare reports of circulatory collapse.

Central and peripheral nervous system disorders.

Headache. Uncommon reports of dizziness. Very rare reports of reduced movement and speech disorder.

Gastrointestinal system disorders.

Diarrhoea, severe eructation, constipation or flatulence, dry mouth and upper abdominal pain. Uncommon reports of nausea and vomiting. Rare reports of rectal disorder and colonic polyp. Very rare reports of faecal discolouration and increased saliva.

Hearing and vestibular disorders.

Very rare reports of tinnitus.

Liver and biliary system disorders.

Rare reports of increased liver enzymes (transaminases, gamma-GT) have occurred in patients receiving long-term maintenance therapy. Very rare reports of hepatic failure, cholestatic hepatitis, bilirubinaemia and jaundice. The occurrence of severe hepatocellular damage leading to jaundice or hepatic failure having a temporal relationship to the intake of pantoprazole has been reported with a frequency of approximately one in a million patients.

Metabolic and nutritional disorders.

Rare reports of hypertriglyceridaemia.

Musculoskeletal.

Rare reports of myalgia and arthralgia. Very rare reports of pain including skeletal pain.

Renal and urinary disorders.

Very rare reports of interstitial nephritis.

Platelet, bleeding, clotting disorders.

Very rare reports of thrombocytopenia and increased coagulation time.

Psychiatric disorders.

Rare reports of onset of depression, hallucination, disorientation and confusion, especially in predisposed patients, as well as the aggravation of these symptoms in case of pre-existence. Very rare reports of anxiety.

Red and white blood cell disorders.

Rare reports of anaemia. Very rare reports of leukopenia.

Resistance mechanism disorders.

Rare reports of sepsis.

Respiratory system disorders.

Very rare reports of dyspnoea.

Skin and appendages.

Uncommon reports of allergic reactions such as pruritus and skin rash. Rare reports of angioedema and urticaria. Very rare reports of severe skin reactions such as Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, erythema multiforme, Lyell syndrome and photosensitivity.

Special senses, other disorders.

Metallic taste. Very rare reports of changes to the senses of smell and taste.

Vascular (extracardiac) disorders.

Very rare reports of flushing.

Vision disorders.

Uncommon reports of disturbances in vision (blurred vision). Very rare reports of conjunctivitis.

Dosage and Administration

Heartburn Relief is indicated for use in adults 18 years of age and over. Heartburn Relief tablets should not be chewed or crushed but swallowed whole with a little water.

Symptomatic GORD.

The recommended dosage is one Heartburn Relief 20 mg tablet per day for at least 7 days, and up to 14 days. If symptom control has not been achieved after two weeks of continuous treatment with Heartburn Relief 20 mg tablet per day, patients should be referred to their doctor.

Use in children.

There are limited data currently available on the use of pantoprazole in children. Heartburn Relief is not recommended for use in children and adolescents under 18 years of age.

Use in the elderly.

No dose adjustment is necessary in elderly patients.

Impaired renal function.

No dose adjustment is required when pantoprazole is administered to patients with impaired renal function.

Impaired hepatic function.

Pantoprazole is contraindicated in patients with cirrhosis or severe liver disease (see Contraindications). No dose adjustment is required when pantoprazole is administered to patients with milder forms of impaired liver function.

Overdosage

There are no known symptoms of overdosage in humans. In individual cases, 240 mg was administered IV or PO and was well tolerated.

Treatment.

Standard detoxification procedures apply. Contact the Poisons Information Centre on 131 126 for advice on the management of an overdose.

Presentation

Tablets, 20 mg (yellow, oval, biconvex, enteric coated, plain on both sides, AUST R 183533): 7's, 14's.

Storage

Store below 25°C.

Poison Schedule

S3.